Business and Economic Horizons

Business and Economic Horizons BEH is peer-reviewed international research journal. BEH covers broad spectrum of issues related with business and economics at all levels of aggregation; encourages subjects meeting responses and challengers of market development at local, national and global dimensions. The primary version of the journal is the on-line version. ISSN 1804-5006 (ONLINE) ISSN 1804-1205 (PRINT) Call for papers new Journal metadata
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  • Publisher

    Prague Development Center


    Prague Development Center is member of the Society for Editors and Proofreaders and CrossRef


  • Aims and scope

    Business and Economic Horizons (BEH) aim is to bridge the gap between the theory and the observed data in the area of business, finance and economics.

    BEH Editorial Board welcome the high quality papers that verify the well-grounded and the emerging theories by employing the econometric or statistical methods but also the articles utilizing the non-mainstream approaches such as experimental  and institutional analysis. Therefore, the submissions in any field of micro- and macroeconomics, business ethics, economic policy or finance is appropriate for this journal. We hope, the provided contributions will help to understand the contemporary challenges faced by the private and public sector and will establish an international forum of empirical research.

  • Profile

    BEH belongs to those research periodicals that stick to open access model. BEH is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access. This model provides greater reach of interested readers to the published articles.

    In the beginning all volumes appear first as a list with titles of the papers. The names of the authors are hidden to preserve the anonymyty during the peer-review process. At this stage the articles can have relevant abstracts and keywords, but not a pdf documents in a final version. In this phase, papers were only selected selected and are pending for review and other editorial procedures. Articles in pdf are available for download only after final updating - when they already passed the whole editorial process and are agreed with the authors. When this process end, the link becomes active and pdf available for download.

  • Indexing

    The journal is indexed by the following services:

    Academic Journals Database, AgEcon Search, BASE, CEEOL, CEJSH, EBSCO Discovery Service, E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium (E-ISRJC), Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek EZB, e-LIBRARY.RU, DOAJ, Gale, Google scholar, libsearch, Open J-Gate,  RePEc,  ResearchGate,  Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory, VSL Open, Scirrus, Research Bible, JournalSeek, Knowledge Network, Academic Publishing Platforms, CiteFactor, Socionet, EconBiz

    BEH is listed in academicpublichingplatforms.com serving as international hub for growing number of leading and well established peer-reviewed journals and periodicals.  

    Business and Economic Horizons is included in the list of journals evaluated by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education from December 17, 2013 - the "B" list - with 8 points assigned.

    We continue to work on indexation issue to provide international exposure of research papers published in our journals.We believe that indexation makes all articles well accessible and increases their potential impact on knowledge markets.

  • Editors

    Publishing Editor  

    Prague Development Center, Czech Republic

    Editorial Board:

    Chief Editor 

    Radosław Kurach, PhD,

    Wroclaw University of Economics, Poland

    Section Editors 

    Karol Fjałkowski: business ethics, institutional economics

    RafałJakubowski, PhD: micro- and macroeconomics, experimental economics

    Daniel Papla, PhD: econometrics, statistics

    Tatyana Polyakova, PhD: corporate finance, financial analysis, financial markets

    Statistical Editor

    Nargiza Alimekhamedova, CERGE-EI, Czech Republic

    Editorial Secretary 

    Khanifa Rasulova, CERGE-EI, Czech Republic

    Advisory Council

    Ing. Josef Abrham, PhD, Centre of European Studies, University of Economics, Prague, Czech Republic

    Oscar Bajo-Rubio, PhD, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Spain

    Carmen Díaz-Roldán, PhD, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Spain

    Pacha Malyadri, PhD, Osmania  University, Andhra Pradesh, India 

    Petr Marek, Prof. Ing., CSc, University of Economics, Prague, Czech Republic

    Haitham Nobanee, PhD, College of Business Administration, Abu Dhabi University, U.A.E.

    Maria Piotrowska, Prof., Wrocław University of Economics, Poland

    Maia Pisaniuc, PhD, Academy of Economis Studies, Moldova

    Devi Tewari, PhD,  School of Economics and Finance, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal (UKZN), South Africa

    Miroslav Tuček, Prof., University of Economics, Prague, Czech Republic



  • Guide to authors

    General notes

    • Business and Economic Horizons (BEH) accepts only the papers in English language
    • Article previously published, those under consideration by another journal, and those with a pre-existing copyright may not be submitted. Authors must ensure that at least half of the paper contents or core idea has not been published anywhere else. In other words authors should prove the considerable adjustment made and value added in their submissions.
    • Neither the Editorial Board nor PRADEC pays for unsolicited materials. The Editorial Board reserves the right to minor editorial corrections like abbreviations or changes in titles and sub-titles.
    • Any requests to add or to remove a co-author, to rearrange the co-author names must be sent to BEH by the Corresponding Author before the final acceptance by the Editorial Board.The eventual request must contain the explanation of the request together with the scanned confirmation signed by all of the co-authors. 

    Peer review procedures

    • Corresponding author fills in the Online Submission form.
    • The BEH Editorial Board recognises the phenomena of "ghostwriting" and "guest authorship" as the serious scientific misconduct. Moreover, the eventual financial support of any research institution or other entity to the paper creation needed to be revealed in the article acknowledgments "financial disclosure". Therefore the Corresponding author must fill in and sign the Declaration of contribution (in case there are two authors or more) which should be submitted together with manuscript using the Online Submission formAll detected cases of scientific misconduct will be documented and the appropriate institutions and entities will be notified. 
    • Ghostwriting - a substantial contribution to publication has been made, without revealing author’s participation, or without being mentioned in the acknowledgments enclosed to the paper. Guest authorship (honorary authorship) - the author's contribution is insignificant, despite of declaration.
    • The Editorial Board members make initial screening of the submissions and inform the authors if the papers  are suitable for the journals. After this initial acceptance the reviewing process starts.
    • All of the contributions of the BEH are subject to a double-blind per-review, which means that  neither the author(s) nor the reviewers know the identity of the other. The list of reviewers is published on the BEH website once a year, without assigning the reviewers names to a particular article.
    • Every submitted paper is reviewed by at least two independent reviewers (outside of the authors' affiliated entity. Additionally, at least one of the reviewers is affiliated with a foreign institution relative to the nationality of the author(s). The reviews are in written form and contain a clear referees' statements concerning paper's publishing approval or its rejection
    • In case of minor revisions the article is send to the author(s) together with a referees opinions. The authors are asked to respond the referees comments and make the appropriate adjustments in the text. Then, the authors send back the corrected version. 
    • The Editorial Board makes the final decision on publication.
    To sum up:
    • Step 1: Submission of one or two files using the Online Submission: a typescript and the Declaration of Contribution (if relevant).
    • Step 2: The initial screening by the Editorial Board.
    • Step 3: The double-blind review by at least two independent referees.
    • Step 4: The response to the reviews and eventual article corrections made by author(s)
    • Step 5: The final decision of Editorial Board

    Sample article

    • Please read the following guidelines  and use the sample article format for submission of your paper since only articles formatted accordingly may be accepted.

    Language

    • Articles must be written in English.

    Title

    • Concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations.

    Author names and affiliations

    • Full names should be provided. Please indicate  affiliations of the author. Indicate  the authors' affiliation addresses below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the Author's name and in front of the appropriate address.

    Contacts

    • Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.

    Abstract

    • A concise abstract should briefly state the purpose of the research and the main results. An abstract must be presented in English and separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone.

    Classification codes and keywords

    • Provide at least one standard JEL code  and up to 5 additional keywords.

    Illustrations

    • Graphics should be done in MS Word and must be editable.

    Tables

    • Tables should be numbered consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals and printed on separate sheets. Any manuscript which does not conform to the above instructions may be returned for the necessary revision before publication.

    Footnotes

    • The use of footnotes should be kept to a minimum and numbered consecutively throughout the text with superscript Arabic numerals.

    References

    • References to publications should be as follows: “Nelson (1992) noted that...” or “This problem has been studied previously (e.g., Smith et al., 1969)”.
    • The author should make sure that there is a strict one-to-one correspondence between the names and years in the text and those on the list. The list of references should appear at the end of the main text. It should be double spaced and listed in alphabetical order by author's name.
    • Examples of what references has to look like:
      • For monographs
        • Hamilton, J., King, R., 2006. The Economic Impacts of Financial Liberalization: Evidence from the Capital Markets, North-Holland, Amsterdam.
      • For contributions to collective works
        • Mayer, T., Meltzer, H., 1999. “Money supply”, in: Friedman, B.M., Hahn, F.H. (Eds.), Handbook of Monetary Economics”, Vol. 1. North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 357-396.
      • For journals
        • Griffiths, W., Judge, G., 1992. “Testing and estimating location vectors when the error covariance matrix is unknown”, Journal of Econometrics, Vol. 54, pp.121-138.
        • Nordhaus, W., 2004, “Retrospective on the 1970s Productivity Slowdown”, NBER Working Paper No W10950, December.
      • For bulletins
        • ECB, 2004., “Labor productivity developments in the euro area: Aggregate trends and sectoral patterns”, ECB Monthly Bulletin, July.
      • For internet sources. It is necessary to list your date of access because web postings are often updated, and information available on one date may no longer be available later. The basic structure is the following: surname; first name; year of publication; title of an article; title of the Web page (in inverted commas), if applicable; URL; date of access 
        • Mankiw, G., 2010. The Simpson-Bowles social security plan, “Greg Mankiw’s Blog”, http://gregmankiw.blogspot.com/2010/11/bowles-simpson-social-security-reform.html, accessed on 30th Nov. 2010.

           

    Submission fee payment
    • Standard submission & service fee structure is 160 Euro (plus VAT, when applicable).
    • The fee is due to pay only after accepting the paper by Editorial Boards and positive expertise review.
    • The fee provides compensation of a range services related with expertise, scientific and technical editing, printing, electronic storing and web-managing. All papers are printed online (with corresponding online ISSN) and in print form (with corresponding Print ISSN).
    • The fee is also subject to guarantee the sending one printed copy via standard air mail to first author of the published article.  If also other authors would like to have a print edition, please contact us at publications@pradec.eu, the fee for aditional issue may vary between 20-30 EUR per issue in respect to mailing costs.

    Payments options

    • You will receive an invoice with several payment methods you can choose after letter of acceptance.

    Important

    • Payments  must be done only after final letter of acceptance of a paper to publication.

    Electronic submission

    • Papers must be submitted electronically using Online Submission (preferred) or publications@pradec.eu. For any further information please contact us.

  • Publication ethics

    Publication ethics

    Editors of Business and Economic Horizons (BEH) are committed to the highest standards of ethics in academic research and publishing. Ethical conduct in both writing and editing is necessary in order to provide the readers with accurate, useful and reliable scientific material, as well as to appropriately honor the credits of particular researchers and authors. Therefore, compliance with the following standards of publication ethics is required of all contributors of BEH, including authors, reviewers and editors. Violation of any of these standards by an author is a basis for rejection of his or her paper submitted for publication.

    I.  Authorship and Co-authorship

    1. Authorship

    Authorship credit should be based on meeting the following criteria: 1) substantial contribution to paper concept or design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or reviewing and introducing fundamental changes in it; 3) final approval of the version to be published.

    All persons designated as authors and co-authors should meet these criteria. As co-authors of a paper there should be identified all persons who have made significant scientific contributions to the work reported, and who therefore share responsibility its content and results. Authors should also appropriately recognize the contributions of technical staff and data professionals. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship (e.g. financial support) should be listed in the section “Acknowledgements” (financial disclosure). Editors retain the right to request information about the contributions of each person in writing the article. 

    Authors should also be aware that the following phenomena are the examples of scientific misconduct and must be avoided:

    Ghostwriting -  a substantial contribution to publication has been made, without revealing author’s participation, or without being mentioned in the acknowledgments enclosed to the paper.

    Guest authorship (honorary authorship) - the author's contribution is insignificant, despite of declaration.

    A group of co-authors should jointly make the decision about the order in which their names are given. During manuscript submission, the submitting author must provide contact information (full name, email address, institutional affiliation and mailing address) for all of the co-authors. The author who submits the manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of notifying all co-authors of the manuscript being submitted. Corresponding author must fill in and sign the Declaration of Contribution (in case there are two authors or more), which should be submitted together with the manuscript. 

    All detected cases of scientific misconduct  will be documented and the appropriate institutions and entities will be notified.

    2. Sources of data and ideas

    Authors are required to faithfully acknowledge and identify contributions of other persons to their reported work as well as clearly identify sources of both data and ideas. Authors should cite all publications that have been important in development of the submitted study and that will guide the reader to the earlier researchers that are essential for understanding the present analysis.

    Authors are required to make reasonable and diligent efforts to find, and then accurately cite, original sources and publications. Authors should only present as reliable either personally verified or peer-reviewed sources of scientific data and literature.

    Authors must not engage in plagiarism or self-plagiarism. Plagiarism is verbatim or near-verbatim copying, or paraphrasing without due modification, of text, data, or other material containing results of another person’s work, without explicit identification of the source of such material. Similarly, self-plagiarism is replicating of the author’s own previously published text or results without acknowledgement of the source. Exercising care for publishing only original research, editors of BEH are committed to deterring plagiarism and self-plagiarism and may use special software to screen submitted manuscripts for similarity to previously published material. The manuscripts may be screened during the whole editorial cycle, including submission process and until the final publication in online or print form.

    3. Duplicate publications

    It is prohibited for an author to submit manuscripts describing essentially the same research to more than one journal of primary publication, unless it is a resubmission of a manuscript rejected for or withdrawn from publication.

    II. Quality of Published Work

    1. Comprehensiveness of research and publications

    An author is required organize his or her paper so that it provides a well-rounded description of the examined issue.
    Fragmentation of research reports excessively consumes journal space and unduly complicates literature research, therefore authors are expected to avoid it whenever possible.

    2. Conflicts of interest

    Conflict of interest is a situation in which the process of research and publication may be corrupted or its results may be biased because of some other interests of its participants. It may concern any one or more of the participants of research and publication process – the author, the reviewer, or the editor. Conflicts of interest may occur for financial (e.g. employment opportunities, fees or other compensation arrangements, beneficial ownership of stock) or other reasons (e.g., personal relationships, pursuit of academic career, intellectual passion, political involvement etc.) that can reasonably be expected to influence motivations or results of actions of participants of the publication process.

    Conflicts of interest constitute a serious threat to the integrity and objectivity of both scientific research and publishing. Therefore best practice for authors, reviewers and editors alike, is to avoid conflicts of interest situations whenever possible.

    All participants in publication process who are in the situation of a conflict of interest, must disclose this fact. Of special importance is that if the original research study reported in the manuscript or the preparation of the manuscript was supported by one or more grants, the title and number of the grant(s) and the name of the institution(s) that provided the grants or financial support to conduct, analyze or write-up the study, must be specified in the manuscript.

    Editors of BEH may use information disclosed in conflict-of-interest and financial-support statements as a basis for editorial decisions. The corresponding author must either notify the editor at the time of submission that there is no conflict of interest to declare, or fairly and effectively communicate all conflicts of interest, which will then be acknowledged in the published article.

    III. Reviewing and Editing

    1. Reviewing

    Business and Economic Horizons is a peer-reviewed journal. Submitted papers and short communication are evaluated by independent referees or Editorial Board members specialized in the article field. Paper reviews evaluate submitted material’s scientific significance and novelty, define it’s accordance to general journal profile, scrutinize its content for compliance with the journal’s publication ethics. After the refereeing process is complete, the paper may be rejected, returned to the author for revisions, or accepted for publication. 

    2. Editing

    The authors are responsible for the contents of their paper or short communication. Editors may request an author, when considered necessary, to elaborate on the content or technical details of the paper. Scientific editing might change format and correct the writing to render it compliant with editorial policy of the journal. 
    Pictures and graphs are special subject to editorial consideration, as their quantity should be optimal and only necessary in the content of papers. Pictures, graphs and textual content alike are subject to ethical standards concerning authorship and integrity. Additionally, whenever images are included in accounts of research process or results, or in data collections, the author must provide an accurate description of how the images originated.

  • Online Submission
  • Contact

    Main office address

    Editorial and publishing department
    Prague Development Center s.r.o. 
    Prokopova 148/15
    130 00 Praha 3 - Zizkov
    Czech Republic
    IČO:28970781 
    Zapsána v obchodním rejstříku, 
    vedeným Městským soudem v Praze oddíl C, 
    vložka 156803

    E-mail

    For communication related to submission of a paper please use:
    publications@pradec.eu
    You can use direct online contact form below

  • Terms and conditions

    I hereby declare, on behalf of myself and my co-author(s) (if any) that:

    • Rules and requirements relevant to the chosen type of submission are read and understood. Sending submission means accepting by the Author(s)/Submitter(s) all responsibility related with editorial and publishing conditions;
    • The authors give the Publisher (Prague Development Center  - PRADEC) the right to publish the submitted paper in the chosen journal in electronic and printed form without any charge;
    • The paper has not been published in any other peer-reviewed journal nor is under consideration by another journal and does not contravene any pre-existing copyright or any other third party rights;
    • At least half of the paper contents or core idea has not been published anywhere else;
    • The paper does not contain such material that may be unlawful or defamatory; 
    • The data employed in the study and the described facts are real;
    • Neither the publisher nor the editors can be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this journal;
    • Responsibility for facts and opinions presented in the contents of journals, electronic and/or printed rests exclusively with the authors, other submitters if there is relevance. Their interpretations do not necessarily reflect the views of publisher or editors, affiliated or partnering with journals and with authors institutions;
    • Submission technical requirements are read and accepted in designing and preparing the research paper;
    • Please note that scientific editing might change format and correct the writing to make it conventional with editorial policy;
    • Note that we accurately approach to editing all papers accepted to specific journal/volume and editorial work and related communications with journal/volume authors may create reasonable gap between online publication and printing of whole volume;
    • F.A.Q. must be visited if there is additional reason in clarifying editorial policy. The editors can contact editors via email when it is accepted;
    • Rejected manuscripts will not be returned to the author;
    • Neither the Editorial Board nor PRADEC pays for unsolicited materials. The Editorial Board reserves the right to minor editorial corrections like abbreviations or changes in titles and sub-titles;
    • The version of an article which is published online is considered the final and complete version. Even though it is possible to correct this version, our policy (in common with other publishers) is not to do so, except in very limited circumstances.

  • F.A.Q.

    How can I download a pdf file when pdf link on your site is inactive?

    In the beginning all volumes appear first as a list with names of articles and authors. At this stage the articles can have relevant abstracts and keywords, but not a pdf documents in a final version. In this phase, papers were only selected selected and are pending for review and other editorial procedures. Articles in pdf are available for download only after final updating - when they already passed the whole editorial process and are agreed with the authors. When this process end, the link becomes active and pdf available for download.

    How I can find the requirements and deadline for paper submissions?

    On main page you need to click on respective Call-for-paper link and the pdf will be downloaded. Please also check the page “Paper submision”.

    In what format should be the paper submitted to journal?

    Please use the sample article format for submission of your paper since only articles formatted accordingly may be accepted.

    How long should the article be?

    The average length of a paper varies from 10 pages to 20 pages. Specific length details can be found in pdf Call-for-papers that are easily downloadable from homepage.

    Is it possible to access published articles?

    You can easily download from our website the pdf version of published articles.

    Do you charge readers to access to publications?

    We do not charge any fees for access of readers to our journals and articles as we follow open access publication model.

    Do you charge authors for publications?

    We charge authors at optimal cost and in differentiated structure counting for costs necessary for expertise, reviews, editing, web-related services, promoting indexing and other related services. Please find more details in “Paper Submission”. Additional cost might be required to cover postal delivery and additional copies of printed journals.

    Authors submitting their articles accept responsibility for making the necessary fee payment arrangements. We may request, in case of need, the formal institutional letter when charges are to be paid by institution.

    When the author should pay the respective fee for publication?

    Payments must be done only after final letter of acceptance of a paper to publication. You will receive an invoice with several payment methods you can choose from the letter of acceptance.

    Do you send author(s) a hard copy of printed journal?

    We send one printed copy via standard air mail to first/main author of the published article. Conditions for post delivery depends on type of journal. Some of our journals may require additional post delivery fee in the amount 10 EUR. In such a case, you would be notified beforehand.

    If I need more than one copy how I can order it?

    If other authors would like to have a print edition, please contact us at publications@pradec.eu, the fee for additional issue may vary between 20-30 EUR per issue in respect to mailing costs.

    Are your journals peer-reviewed?

    PRADEC offers peer-reviewed research research journals and periodicals. Peer-reviewed journals represent conservative and conventional academic approaches in research publishing. They assume that paper must undergo scrutiny by anonymous or independent experts.

    Send us your article, we quickly review it if we think that we may send it to our reviewers, we may send it back with comments. If you accept those comments, we then send the article to reviewers and that is the moment you are required to pay the fee for publication in reviewed journal.

    What type of articles do you accept for publications?

    We publish mainly research works which are descriptions of original research findings. Review articles which discus and generalize findings of research works are also accepted. We do not publish book reviews.

    Are your journals registered with ISSN? What are the ISSNs of your journals?

    All our journals are entitled by respective ISSN and E-ISSN codes. In case a journal has both ISSN and E-ISSN, it is published both in online and print which is the case of all our journals. Online publications come first and printing follows them with lag of up to two months. Please note that a journal cannot have E-ISSN assigned until first issue is out.

    Can I put charts in article and what are requirements to their format?

    Pictures and graphs are special subject to editorial consideration. We seek to keep their quantity optimal and only necessary in content. We kindly ask authors to provide us with black-and-white and editable (technically –to make necessary adjustments regarding formatting) charts, also black-and white schemes or photos as the journal is printed in black and white color scheme.

    If submitted paper, how it can be withdrawn by an author from editorial cycle and printing?

    Authors submitted their papers can withdraw their submissions within 2 subsequent calendar weeks. In case authors wish to withdraw paper her/his submission, they should notify in formal way with explaining reason to publications@pradec.eu Requests on submission withdrawal after 2 weeks until the online printing of a corresponding paper will cost to the applicant a withdrawal fee in sum of 50 Euro. Any withdrawal letter after online printing of article is not acceptable.

    Do you send author(s) a hard copy of printed journal?

    We send one printed copy via standard air mail to first/main author of the published article. Conditions for post delivery depends on type of journal. Some of our journals may require additional post delivery fee in the amount 10 EUR. In such a case, you would be notified beforehand.

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