Prof. Heikki Järvinen, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Finland
Prof. Markku Kulmala, University of Helsinki, Finland
Dr. Pirkko Kortelainen, Finnish Environment Institute
Prof. Jorma Kuparinen, Finnish Limnological Society
Prof. Kimmo Kahma, Finnish Meteorological Institute
Dr. Martin Lodenius, Finnish Air Pollution Prevention Society
Dr. Lauri Urho, Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute
Prof. Pertti Seuna, Finnish Water Association
Prof. Hanna Vehkamäki, Finnish Association for Aerosol Research
Prof. Per-Arne Amundsen, University of Tromsø, Norway
Prof. Almut Arneth, Lund University, Sweden
Prof. William M. Drennan, University of Miami, USA
Prof. Steve Frolking, University of New Hampshire, USA
Prof. Sture Hansson, Stockholm University, Sweden
Prof. Markku Kulmala, University of Helsinki, Finland
Dr. Andreas Lehmann, Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences at Kiel University (IFM-GEOMAR), Germany
Dr. Federico Magnani,University of Bologna, Italy
Prof. Mats Nilsson, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Prof. Hendrik Schubert, University of Rostock, Germany
Prof. James N. Smith, NCAR, Boulder, USA
Academician Tarmo Soomere, Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia
Dr. Frank Stratmann, IfT, Leipzig, Germany
Atmosphere and Climate — Prof. Veli-Matti Kerminen, Finnish Meteorological Institute, and Dr. Hannele Korhonen, Finnish Meteorological Institute
Fisheries and Aquaculture — Dr. Outi Heikinheimo, Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute
Hydrobiology — Dr. Johanna Mattila, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
Forests — Dr. Jaana Bäck, University of Helsinki, Finland
Wetlands — Dr. Eeva-Stiina Tuittila, University of Helsinki, Finland
Physical Oceanography — Dr. Kai Myrberg
Hydrology — Prof. Harri Koivusalo, Aalto University, Finland
Geology — Prof. Heikki Seppä
Managing editor — Dr. Krzysztof Raciborski
Guide to authors
The entire manuscript (incl. figures and tables) should be sent electronically (by e-mail) in PDF format (one printable and unprotected file with all fonts included) along with the completed Submission form directly to the editor whose area of expertise covers the subject of the paper.
When sending a finalised version of a revised manuscript, use short, meaningful filenames always ending in appropriate extensions added by the programme with which files have been created. Save word-processor files in RTF (.rtf) or MSWord .doc format. As a reference, either PDF file of an entire article or respective hardcopies should also be sent. Please note that there is a charge for printing illustrations in colour.
Use either British or American English consistently throughout the text (language settings of your word processing programme should reflect the langauge of the article). Write in a clear style. Avoid the use of the passive voice. The pronouns I (we), me (us), and my (our) should preferably be used and thus reflect the responsibility of the author(s) towards the study. The authors bear full responsibility for the language quality. If English is not your mother tongue, make sure that the manuscript is checked by a native English speaker, preferably familiar with the nomenclature used. All manuscripts will be thoroughly checked by someone proficient in English, and returned for further corrections if found to be linguistically inadequate.
Certain elements of the manuscript layout (e.g. heading numbers) that are requested here but not present in the printed articles are, however, needed to facilitate the editing process.
In scientific writing, only two tenses are normally used: present and past (simple). So-called `perfect tenses' (e.g. present perfect) should be avoided. Thus, there are the following `tense' rules that should be observed:
- Established knowledge (previous results) should be given in the present tense;
- Description of methods and results in the current paper should be in the past (simple) tense;
- Presentation (e.g. 'Fig. 1 shows the studied plant') is given in the present tense;
- Attributions (e.g. Jones (1995) reported that ...) are given in the past tense.
Usage of a dash (hyphen, en-dash and em-dash)
- A hyphen (the shortest "-") used for example in hyphenation and compound words,
- An en-dash ("–"; indicated in a manuscript with two hyphens "- -") used chiefly as a minus in subtraction (5 – 2 same as five minus two; NOTE: spaces before and after the dash) or in ranges of values or dates (2–5 same as from two to five; NOTE: no spaces before and after the dash),
- An em-dash (the longest "—"; indicated in a manuscript with three hyphens "- - -") chiefly used for the separation of an explanatory and digressive element of a sentence or in references.
- Always use decimal points, not commas.
- Always use leading zeros in decimal fractions.
- In long numerals (five and more digits), the digits are marked off in groups of three by spaces (not commas!), starting from the left, e.g., 15 369.
- Numbers from 1 to 10 (also ordinals) in a text must be written out (not 5 but five).
- Numbers are never italicised.
- One-letter symbols (normal, in subscript or superscript) representing numerical values (mathematical or statistical variables) must always be italicised.
- Multi-letter symbols (normal, in subscript or superscript) representing numerical values (mathematical or statistical variables) are never italicised.
- Vectors are set in boldface italic.
- Matrices are set in boldface but not italics.
- Usage of multiplication symbols is not recommended.
- Other symbols (abbreviations) are not italicised.
- Check that the same symbol does not have multiple meanings (e.g., P = phosphorus and P = significance level or N = nitrogen and N = amount of samples or repetitions).
- Improper typesetting of symbols may result in ambiguities misinterpretations.
- When reporting results of statistical testing please give names of tests used, their symbols and numerical outcomes, degrees of freedom (commonly in superscript to a test symbol) and probability levels at which tested differences can be considered significant. These levels should be given as either exact p values or p < 0.001, p < 0.01, p < 0.05. For example: one-way ANOVA: F2,44 = 1.82, p = 0.170 or two-way ANOVA main effect of species: F1,15 = 108.6, p < 0.0001.
- Latin names of genera and lower taxa (e.g., Salmo trutta).
- Words which are originally not English (e.g., in vitro).
- One-letter symbols expressing numerical or statistical values in the text and equations (e.g., p, n, U-test, t-test, r).
Abbreviations and acronyms [back to the top]
- Each abbreviated word must end in a full stop (e.g., Professor = Prof., Volume = Vol. species nova = sp. nov.).
- There is no punctuation used in acronyms unless the English grammar rules dictate otherwise.
- Only units conforming with the SI system are to be used (with some exceptions e.g., 1 um not 10--6 m).
- In composite units, negative superscripts should be used instead of a division (e.g., 30 m s--1 not 30 m/s).
- If units follow axes titles in figures or tables, they should be given in parentheses '()' NOT brackets '' or after commas.
- Dates should be written according to the following format: day.month.year.
- Months should be written in full (e.g., January), abbreviated (e.g., Jan.) or expressed with roman numerals (January "I", February "II" and so on).
- Years should never be abbreviated (eg. 2003 not 03).
- Since papers published in Boreal Environment Research do not concern animal or plant taxonomy, Latin names of species should be given without authors' names.
- Always use internationally recognised and existing names. In questionable cases, refer to the Times Atlas of the World or Merriam-Webster's Geographic Dictionary to make sure that a name you intend to use is listed in their indexes, and its spelling is correct. Usage of coordinates (latitude and longitude) is strongly recommended.
- Use only NORMAL style settings throughout the entire manuscript (default font size 12 points, no indentation, no boldface, no capitalisation, left justified, without multiple spaces or tabulators, or other unusual formatting).
- Remove section and page breaks from the text.
- Do not forget to number headings as described below.
- Use empty lines to separate sections, paragraphs and headings from each other.
- Do not use boldface (only symbols of vectors, matrices and tensors can be set in boldface).
- Use a degree sign (`°'; ASCII 176) instead of the uppercase letter `o'.
- Use a ` /-' sign (ASCII 177) instead of an underlined ` '.
- Use Symbol font (not equation editor) for Greek letters.
- Graphics (except for equations) must not be placed within the text file.
- Refer to tables and figures parenthetically.
- A blank line should be used to separate headings, sections and paragraphs from the text that follows.
- Please check that the printed version is the same as the one on the diskette.
- Title [back to the top]: Never in capital letters or boldface, not centred; short version of the title (max. 50 letters should also be provided.
- Author [back to the top]: First names in full (other initials, if any) and surnames (James T. Brown, not J. T. Brown) should be given.
- Address: As complete as possible. The sequence: surname, name and address, must be fully repeated for each author.
- Abstract: Should consist of only one paragraph of up to 150 words. References to literature are not allowed in abstracts.
- Appendices [back to the top]: If there is only one appendix it can be referred to in the text as 'Appendix' without the number. Otherwise, appendices must be numbered.
- Footnotes: They are allowed only in tables and exceptionally in text.
- Lists: Begin each item with three hyphens "- - -" at the beginning of the line followed by one tabulator. Each item always occupies a separate line or a paragraph.
- Equations: Each equation occupies a separate line. Place an equation's number on the right-hand side e.g.: N = 0.3Wln(a b) (1). Equations must be referred to as "Eq.", followed by the appropriate number.
- Tables not prepared with a word processing programme (e.g. Excel) cannot be accepted.
- All tables should be prepared with tabulators. However, if you prefer using the table tool of your word-processing programme, do not insert line breaks (¶) and/or preceding/trailing spaces inside cells (i.e. there can be only one line of text within a cell). New table rows should be created by adding new rows of table cells (even if some cells are left empty), not by hitting enter and creating a new lines within existing cells. CR symbols (¶) cannot be preset in any table cell. The number of cells in a table should equal the number of rows multiplied by the number of columns.
- Tables should be comprehensible without reference to the main text.
- All tables should be prepared as separate files or placed at the end of the text file. Do not place tables within the text.
- A TABLE SHOULD NOT BE DIVIDED INTO SECTIONS IDENTIFIED WITH LETTERS. EACH SECTION OF SUCH A TABLE SHOULD BE PRESENTED A SEPARATE TABLE.
- Vertical lines are not allowed.
- Remember: Tables must fit on A4-sized page.
- Remember: Tables must be referred to for the first time in the text in numerical order (e.g., the first reference to Table 2 cannot precede the first reference to Table 1).
- Refer to tables parenthetically; e.g. '... (Table 1)'. 'Table 1 shows ...' type statements should always be avoided.
- Check that all tables are referred to.
Include figures at the end of the PDF file after the text and tables.