Forest Systems

Sample articles
Forest Systems The main aim of Forest Systems is to integrate multidisciplinary research with forest management in complex systems with different social and ecological background ISSN: 2171-9845 (ONLINE) ISSN: 1131-7965 (PRINT) Journal metadata

Sample articles
  • Aims and scope

    Forest Systems is an international peer-reviewed journal. The main aim of Forest Systems is to integrate multidisciplinary research with forest management in complex systems with different social and ecological background.

    To fulfil this integrative approach, Forest Systems gives preference to papers that bring together two or more disciplines, organisms, or forest products and services. Studies about all kind of forest systems are welcomed, in particular those that provide a wide variety of wood and non-wood products and ecosystem services such as the forests in regions with a Mediterranean climate. Forest systems covers research findings dealing with all aspects of forestry, such as genetics (including breeding), ecology, silviculture, forest management and policy, and forest products and technology.

  • Profile

    Forest Systems is a peer review journal. Manuscripts are typically reviewed by two referees, from the International Scientific Committee or by external reviewers. We usually undergo a maximum of two rounds of evaluation. After finishn the second round the paper will be either accepted or declined. In the last case, a new submission can be encouraged. 

    Authors may nominate a list of four potential expert reviewers in their accompanying letter. These reviewers must not have a conflict of interest with the authors or paper, and the Editorial board may not contact any of the reviewers suggested by the authors. Criteria used in evaluating the papers are the novelty and interest for a broad audience, the quality of the paper, and the adecuate methodology, statistical analysisi and interpretationof the results provided by the authors. Auhtors must provide a complete answer to all the questions raised by the reviewers when uploading an improved version of the paper.

    The journal is published quaterly (march, june, september and december).

  • Editors

    Editor in Chief

    Ricardo Alia, Dpt. Ecology and Forest Genetics INIA-Forest Reseach Centre, Spain

    Associate Editor

    Emin Baskent
    Felipe Bravo, Universidad de Valladolid-Instituto de Gestión Forestal Sostenible
    Rafael Calama, CIFOR-INIA, España
    María Elena Fernández, CONICET-INTA Bariloche
    Patricia Hernández de la Rosa, Colegio de Postgraduados
    Douglas A. Maguire, Oregon State University
    Marc Palahí, European Forest Institute-Mediterranean Regional Office
    Luis Sampedro, Centro de Investigación Forestal de Lourizán
    Alvaro Soto de Viana

    Editorial Secretary

    Diana Barba, INIA

    Editorial Office

    Mrs Mar Capitan

    International Scientific Committee

    Alvaro Aunos, Universitat de Lleida-Departament de Producció Vegetal y Ciència Forestal, España
    Roque Rodríguez, Universidad de Santiago, Dep. Producción vegetal
    Miguel Angel Zavala, Universidad de Alcala, Edif. Ciencias, Dep. Ecología
    Ferran Rodà, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, CREAF
    Javier Parladé, Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries
    Alicia Ortega, Universidad de Chile, Fac. Ciencias Forestales y Recursos Naturales
    Flavio Moreno, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Medellín
    Roberto Mercurio, Universitá degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria, GESAF, Italia
    Federico Letourneau, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
    Juha Lappi, Finnish Forest Research Institute, Finlandia
    Andres Kiviste, Estonian Agricultural University, Faculty of Forestry
    Orlando Rojas, North Carolina State University, Dep. Forest Biomaterials, USA
    Alberto Rojo, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela
    Santiago Sabaté, Universidad de Barcelona, Dep. d´Ecología
    Juan Carlos Villar, CIFOR-INIA
    Enrique Torres, Universidad de Huelva, Dep.Ciencias Agroforestales
    Margarida Tomé, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa - Instituto Superior de Agronomia
    Rafael Serrada, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid,
    Tomas Schlichter, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
    Raúl Sánchez-Salguero, CIFOR-INIA
    Santiago Saura Martínez de Toda, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
    Joao Santos, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Dep.Engenharia Florestal, Inst. Sup. Agronomia
    César Sabogal, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical
    Amanda Huerta, Universidad de Chile, Fac.Ciencias Forestales,Dep.Silvicultura y Conservación, Chile
    Carmen Hernando, CIFOR-INIA, España
    Mercedes Guijarro, CIFOR-INIA, España
    Andrés Dieste, CETEMAS
    Miren del Río, CIFOR-INIA
    Margarita Costa, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Fac. Ciencias Biológicas, Dep. Ecología, España
    Gregor Chatziphilippidis, National Agricultural Research Foundation-Forest Research Institute, Greece
    Maite Cervera, CIFOR-INIA, España
    Isabel Cañellas, CIFOR-INIA, España
    Stella Bogino, Universidad Nacional San Luis, Fac. Ingeniería y Ciencias Económico-Sociales
    Juan G. Alvárez, Universidad Santiago de Compostela-EPS-Lugo,Dep. Enxeñería Agroforestal, España
    Maria Cristina Area, Universidad Nacional de Misiones-Facultad Ciencias Exactas, Químicas y Naturales,Argentina
    Ramón Elena, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, E.U.I.T. Forestal, Dep.Silvopascicultura, España
    Luis Carlos Estraviz, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Escola Superior de Agricultura,Dep. Ciencias Florestais, Brasil
    José Anastasio Fernandez, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, E.U.I.T Forestal, Dep. Hidráulica e Hidrología, España
    Manuel Guaita, Universidad Santiago de Compostela, Unidade de Xestión Forestal Sostible, España
    Santiago González, CIFOR-INIA, España
    Federico González, CIFOR-INIA, España
    Claudio Ghersa, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Fac. Agronomía,
    Valentin Gómez, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Dep. Silvopascicultura
    Antonio Gascó, Postdoctoral Researcher
    Luis García Esteban, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
    Manuel Fernández, Universidad de Huelva, Dep.Ciencias Agroforestales
    Juan Ignacio Fernandez-Golfin Seco, CIFOR-INIA
    Juan A. Pajares, ETSIIAA. U de Valladolid, Spain

    Scientific Editor
    Patricia Grant

  • Guide to authors

    Manuscript preparation

    Manuscript format

    Research articles should not be longer than 7000 words, including tables and figures. They will present a Front page, an Abstract in English and in Spanish and up to seven keywords. The main text should have the following sections: (1) Introduction; (2) Material and methods; (3) Results; (4) Discussion; (5) Acknowledgments; (6) References; (7) Tables and figures (see suggested layout below).

    Short communications and Resource communications should be no longer than 2000 words, including tables/figures. They will have an Abstract (English and Spanish), main text (divided into sections that could vary depending on the aim of the paper), References, and a maximum of three Tables/figures. Results and discussion may be combined, allowing a greater flexibility in the format.

    Review articles (typically invited by the Editor) will follow the same instructions applicable to regular length articles.  

    Manuscripts should be written in Times New Roman size 12, with 1.5 spacing, 25 mm margins on each side. All pages should be numbered consecutively, and line numbers should be printed on each page to facilitate ease of reference for the reviewers. Tables and figures should be included on separate sheets, one per page, following the References section. Supporting information (to be published only in the electronic version) can be included after figures and tables.

    Language: Manuscripts should be written in concise, legible English or Spanish, which must be careful reviewed by the authors to eliminate all possible mistakes in content and/or in grammar. Those whose first language is not English are strongly advised to have their manuscripts checked by a proficient third party before submission.


    The following layout is strongly recommended:

    1. Front page.

    The first page must include:

    - Title of the work. This must be clear, short and concise. Avoid terms such as «Studies about...», «Observations...», «Contribution to...» The title should preferably not exceed 20 words.
    - Name(s) of author(s), being the corresponding author marked with an asterisk (*). When authors belong to different centres, each author will carry a superscript number indicating the corresponding author's mailing address. Names may include a first name, initials of second name, and surnames united by a hyphen/-s, which facilitates database searching. We advise spelling authors' names in English-alphabet and without accents.
    - Name and full postal address of the institution(s), preferably in its native language.
    - E-mail address and telephone number of the corresponding author.
    - Number of tables and figures.
    - A running title of the work, used in the heading of the pages of the printed article, should not exceed 90 characters (including spaces).
    2. Abstract, keywords, abbreviations.

    Length is 250 words maximum.

    Style must be concise and must not contain references.

    Structure has to include the following parts:

    1) Aim of study. Set the goal or directly the specific objectives and, describe the relevance of the study.
    2) Area of study. Specify the geographic area in which the study has been made.
    3) Material and Methods. Describe briefly materials and methods; crops or organisms involved must be identified, as well as soil type, chemicals, or other details which can be important for the interpretation of the results.
    4) Main results. List and discuss relevant results [numeric values of experimental results should be involved in abstract section].
    5) Research highlights: One or two closing sentences with most relevant findings and implications.
    Keywords. A maximum of seven keywords should be included. They should not repeat words appearing in the title.

    Abstract in Spanish. This will include a translation of the title and of the keywords. For non-native Spanish speakers, this section will be provided by the editorial office after acceptance of the paper in its English version.

    Abbreviations used. Include a list of all non-standard abbreviations used in the paper and their meaning.

    We strongly recommend that special attention is to be paid to the title and abstract as they may or may not lead readers to go further with the text. The Editorial board may suggest changes to make them more informative and attractive.

    3. Text of the article.

    Checklist for structure:

    We strongly recommend that it should contain the following sections:

    1) Introduction. It should contain sufficient information about the background to the work so that this can be placed in context with other research, for the reader to understand the objectives proposed and evaluation of the results and conclude with one or two sentences that define the objectives and the essence of the article.

    2) Material and methods. Sufficient information should be provided to enable the experiments to be repeated. For routine methods, a brief description and literature reference will be enough. New methods must be described in detail and, in the case of little used chemical products or equipment, the manufacturer's name and address should be given.

    3) Results should include only the results of the experiments. Interpretations of the experimental data should be reserved for the Discussion section. The explanations given in the figure and table captions should not be repeated in the text. Avoid joining Results and Discussion in a single section (except in Short and Resource Communications).

    4) Discussion. This should not be limited to describing the experimental results and to drawing conclusions. It should also be analytical, interpretative, and establish an association between the results obtained and other published works. It can describe conflicting opinions and results of other authors and indicate the value of these results for future works.

    5) Conclusions summarize the most relevant conclusions and implications. Concluding paragraphs usually do not contain references but are a general, short restating of the main experimental results and their importance to the reader or subject being discussed. Do not write conclusions in enumerated paragraphs. Conclusions may also be contained at the end of the Discussion section.

    6) Acknowledgements. Acknowledgements should be made to individuals or institutions that have provided technical support for the work and the sources of funding should also be mentioned.

    7) References.
    Literature references will be cited in alphabetic order of authors. When several authors are cited, order them from oldest to most recent. If they are of the same year, sort them alphabetically. Articles by the same author should be given in chronological order, and if more than one of the articles has been published in the same year, a letter will be added after the year  by which the reference can be identified (for example, 1985a, b). (you can downloada an Endnote file)

    When references are cited in the text, the authors surname will be given in parentheses followed by a comma and the year of publication, for example: «... (Westfall, 1992)...». If there are two authors, the surnames will be followed by «and», for example "...(Lynch and Walsh, 1997)...". If there are more than three authors, include the surname of the first author followed by et al. and a comma, for example «...(Keller et al., 2009)...». If in the text reference is made to the author of the cited work, his/her surname will be given, followed only by the year the work was published. For example: "According to the works of Westfall (1992), Keller et al. (1999a,b)...".

    Multi-authored works should list the first six authors followed by et al.  References to a paper 'in press' are permissible provided that it has been accepted for publication (documentary evidence of acceptance must be available on request). A reference to 'unpublished work' is only permissible if it concerns essential information; it should be available from the cited authors on request, and the names of all persons involved should be cited (forename initial(s) followed by surname) in parentheses as 'unpublished data'; any person cited as the source of a 'personal communication' must have approved the reference; both of these types of citation are permitted in the text only, not in the list of references. The use of 'in preparation' or 'submitted for publication' is not permitted.

    Examples are given below of literature references.

    Journal Article

    Coca M, Pausas JG. 2009. Regeneration traits are structuring phylogenetic diversity in cork oak (Quercus suber) woodlands. J Veg Sci 20, 1009-1015.

    Anonymous. 2009. European foresters aware of climate change. Scand J Forest Res 24, 191-191.

    Keller G, Marchal T, SanClemente H, Navarro M, Ladouce N, Wincker P, et al. 2009. Development and functional annotation of an 11,303-EST collection from Eucalyptus for studies of cold tolerance. Tree Genet Genomes 5, 317-327.


    Lynch M, Walsh B. 1997. Genetics and analysis of quantitative traits. Sinauer Assoc, Sunderland, MA, USA. 980 pp.

    MARM. 2008. Anuario de estadística agroalimentaria. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino, Madrid. 250 pp. [In Spanish].

    Book Section

    Westfall RD. 1992. Developing seed transfer zones. In: Handbook of quantitative forest genetics (Fins L, Friedman ST, Brotschol JV, eds). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, USA. pp: 313-398.


    Gordo J. 2004. Selección de grandes productores de fruto de Pinus pinea L. en la Meseta Norte. Doctoral thesis. Universidad Politécnica, Madrid. [In Spanish].

    Conference Proceedings

    Agúndez D, Notivol E. 1994. Annual rhythm height growth variation in Scots pine provenances. Proc II IUFRO Int Conf on "Scots pine Breeding and Genetics", Kaunas (Lithuania), September 12-14. pp. 7-12.

    Electronic article

    Nakicenovic N, Swart R. 2001. Special report on emissions scenarios. [online]. IPCC Special Repots on Climate Change. Available in [2 March 2010]

    The following should be provided when referencing electronic sources:

    - Author's name and initials, or responsible body (if there is more than one, list them).
    - Year of publication.
    - Title of the document being cited. The title of a web page will normally be the main heading on the page, or in the strip at the top of the screen.
    - The title is followed by the electronic medium in square brackets e.g. [online] or [CD-ROM].
    - Place of publication - URL, ftp address, etc - This is the information necessary to locate the document.
    - Date accessed and date of last update for web pages.

    Legal Rule or regulation

    OJ. 1990. Directive 90/429/CEE of the Council of June 26. Official Journal of the European Union L 224 18/08/1990. pp. 62.

    EndNote and RefWorks style files are available ( Right-click on the link and select 'save target as'. Navigate to your EndNote styles folder and save.

    8) Tables and figures should be cited consecutively in the text, numbered independently with Arabic numerals and should be self-explanatory. Tables will be headed by a number and title. Explanatory notes that facilitate their interpretation will be included at the foot of the tables. Tables should have defined cells, and must not be created by using the space bar and/or tab keys. Figures can correspond to diagrams or photographs. The figure number and legend will be given at the foot of the figure. After paper acceptance, photographs must be sent separately as image file (jpg, tiff or similar) with at least 300 ppp in the finished size. Only under well-justified circumstances colour photographs will be admitted. Figures prepared with program Excel or similar shall be sent separately in their source program (*xls file), with their data source. The figures and tables must be very high quality and must, therefore, be received in a suitable form and condition to be reproduced.

    9) Appendix. If an appendix is needed, it comes after the references.

    10) Supporting information may be included at the end.


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