International Journal of Language Studies

Sample articles

International Journal of Language Studies International Journal of Language Studies is interested in contributions that focus on the relation between language and real-world problems. ISSN: 2157-4901 (ONLINE) ISSN: 2157-4898 (PRINT) Journal metadata

Sample articles
  • Aims and scope

    The journal aims at providing a forum which makes connections between fields, theories, research methods, and scholarly discourses. IJLS invites contributions which critically reflect on current practices in applied linguistic research. It strives to advance scholarly and scientific discussion of issues that bring together or differentiate between scholars in applied linguistics. Contributions that handle applied linguistic problems in a principled way by reference to theoretical studies are of major interest for IJLS and authors are invited to submit contributions of this kind.

  • Profile

    International Journal of Language Studies is interested in contributions that focus on the relation between language and real-world problems. Although occasionally papers of any length, if justified, will be published, IJLS recommends that contributions do NOT exceed a length of 8,000 words.

    IJLS welcomes both reports of original research and conceptual articles. In addition to the PAPERS section, there is room for a FORUM section in each issue which aims at enhancing debate between authors and the wider community of applied linguists; the forum section is dedicated to short pieces of writing which are typically responses to a published article, a short research note or report, or a commentary on research issues or professional practices. The Journal also contains a REVIEWS section which is dedicated to “State of the Art” papers or "Critical Book Reviews."

    Manuscript Review Process

    The peer review process can take anywhere between six months to one year. The aim of the review process is to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the article, in terms of originality, interest, up-to-dateness, coherence, and balanced argumentation. As such, all manuscripts submitted to IJLS go through a two-step double-blind peer review process.

  • Indexing

    International Journal of Language Studies is covered by the following international indexing/abstracting (A&I) services:

    Educational Research Abstracts
    Linguistic Bibliography
    Linguistics Abstracts Online (Wiley-Blackwell LAO)
    Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts (ProQuest LLBA)
    The MLA Directory of Periodicals
    The MLA International Bibliography
    EBSCO Communication & Mass Media Complete (CMMC Database)
    Cabell's Directories of Publishing Opportunities
    Index Copernicus Journals Master List (IC)

  • Editors

    Editor in Chief

    Salmani Nodoushan, Mohammad Ali, IECF, Iran 

    Associate Editors

    Capone, Alessandro, University of Palermo, Italy
    Carson, Lorna, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
    Cummings, Louise, Nottingham Trent University, UK
    Dubinsky, Stanley, University of South Carolina, USA
    Gess, Randall, Carleton University, Canada
    Moore, Nicolas, Sheffield Hallam University, UK
    Oller, Jr., John W., University of Louisiana at Lafayette, USA
    Zuckermann, Ghil'ad, University of Adelaide, Australia

    Advisory Board

    Allan, Keith, Monash University, Australia
    Bailey, Kathleen M., Monterey Institute of International Studies, USA
    Bhatia, Vijay Kumar, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Boxer, Diana, University of Florida, USA
    Brown, James Dean, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA
    Connor, Ulla M., Indiana University-Purdue University, USA
    Dewaele, Jean-Marc, University of London, UK
    Flowerdew, John, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Gutiérrez-Rexach, Javier, Ohio State University, USA
    Hall, David, Macquarie University, Australia
    Hyland, Ken, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Jaszczolt, Katarzyna M., University of Cambridge, UK
    Lantolf, James P., Penn State University, USA
    MacSwan, Jeff, University of Maryland, USA
    Purpura James E., Columbia University, USA
    Sifianou, Maria, University of Athens, Greece

    Editorial Panel

    Allen, Shanley E. M., University of Kaiserslautern, Germany
    Álvarez, Miguel Fernández, Chicago State University, USA
    Angelovska, Tanja, Ludwig Maximilians University, Germany
    Barbieri, Federica, Swansea University, UK
    Berns, Margie, Purdue University, USA
    Carrió-Pastor, María Luisa, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain
    Chew, Ghim Lian Phyllis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
    Coombe, Christine, Dubai Men’s College, UAE
    Di Martino, Emilia, Università degli Studi Suor Orsola Benincasa, Italy
    Félix-Brasdefer, J. César, Indiana University Bloomington, USA
    Flowerdew, Lynne, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
    Fuchs, Carolin, Columbia University, USA
    García-Álvarez, Iván, University of Salford, UK
    Hall, Joan Kelly, Penn State University, USA
    Harsch, Claudia, The University of Warwick, UK
    Hearnden, Margaret, University of York, UK
    Herteg, Crina, 1 Decembrie 1918 University of Alba Iulia, Romania
    Ilie, Cornelia, Malmö University, Sweden
    Kessler, Greg, Ohio University, USA
    Kinginger, Celeste, Pennsylvania State University, USA
    Kitis, Eliza, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece
    Klee, Carol A., University of Minnesota, USA
    Laborda, Jesús García, Universidad de Alcala, Spain
    Miechowicz-Mathiasen, Katarzyna, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland
    Mullany, Louise, University of Nottingham, UK
    O'Dowd, M. Elizabeth, Saint Michael's College, USA
    Parker, Stephen G., Graduate Institute of Applied Linguistics, Dallas, USA
    Pioariu, Mariana-Rodica, University of Alba Iulia, Romania
    Popescu, Teodora, Alba Iulia University, Romania
    Sokolik, Maggie, University of California, Berkeley, USA
    Sonnenschein, Aaron Huey, California State University, USA
    Sousa, Alcina, University of Madeira, Portugal
    Van Waes, Luuk, University of Antwerp, Belgium
    Vinogradova, Polina, American University, USA
    Wheeler, Rebecca, Christopher Newport University, USA
    Woore, Robert, University of Oxford, UK

    Founding Editor

    Salmani Nodoushan, Mohammad Ali, IECF, Iran

  • Guide to authors


    Please make sure that you observe these points:

    Write your text in error-free native(-like) English.
    Use American or British English, but not a combination of the two.
    Closely follow IJLS Editorial Style and IJLS Style Sheet.
    Honestly follow academic codes of ethics in publication (i.e., avoid plagiarism, fraud, double/parallel submission, self-plagiarism, etc.).
    Prepare both the "Title Page" and the "Manuscript" files.
    Submit the Title Page, the Manuscript, and all the other required supplementary files (Questionnaires, Tests, Data files, Art works, etc.) in a JUST ONE single submission package.

    1) Title Page Structure

    The Title Page is a Microsoft Word file (i.e., "TitlePage.doc" or "TitlePage.docx") that provides the following information respectively:

    Title: It should be concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae.
    Full name of each of the authors; where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly.

    Affiliation of each of the authors; present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Include the country name.
    The Email address of each of the authors

    A bio-blurb for each of the authors (i.e., a short paragraph of biography per author)
    Corresponding author: Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.

    Acknowledgments & Dedication: Collate acknowledgements in a separate section right after the Conclusion and before the References. Include all acknowledgments (if any) in a single concise paragraph. It may include supporting grants, presentations, and so forth. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.). You may also want to indicate to whom you dedicate your work.

    2) Manuscript Structure

    Please observe ALL of the following points in preparing your manuscript.

    It is important that the file be saved in the native format of Microsoft Word (i.e., "Manuscript.doc" or "Manuscript.docx"); embed the fonts you used and then save the file. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Avoid footnotes, endnotes, TABs, etc. However, do feel free to use bold face, italics, subscripts, and superscripts where needed. Do NOT insert tables and figures inside the text; they must appear in consecutive order at the end of the Manuscript file--each on a separate page; use your keyboard's "Ctrl Enter" keys to break pages.
    Units of measurement should be presented simply and concisely using System International (SI) units.

    Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1. (then 1.1.1., 1.1.2., . . .), 1.2., etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection should be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.

    The manuscript should be anonymous; you should not write the manuscript in such a way as to directly or indirectly reveal your identity to the reviewers. Avoid first person usage if you cite any previously published works of your own.
    If your manuscript is a research paper which reports the findings of an original research work, it should include the sections 2.1. to 2.12. described below; for review papers and book reviews please read the rest of this page.

    2.1. Title

    Begin your manuscript with the paper title. If it comes in two parts, keep them apart with a colon (:) and only capitalize the first letter of each part (in addition to proper nouns/adjectives). Make your title as short and informative as it can get.

    2.2. Abstract

    The manuscript should contain a single-paragraph abstract. The abstract should be self-contained and citation-free and should not exceed 150-200 words. Make sure that you include the basic rhetorical moves for this subgenre (i.e., Introduction/purpose, Method, Results, Conclusion--IMRC). Your abstract should at the least briefly state the purpose of the research, the main method, the principal results and the major conclusions. It should be presented as a separate section and must be able to stand alone. For this reason, 'references' should be avoided in the abstract, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

    2.3. Keywords

    Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, separated by semi-colons(;). Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). Your keyword list should be based on the ERIC list on index descriptors. The keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

    2.3. Introduction

    This section should be succinct. Make sure that you include the basic rhetorical moves for this subgenre: (1) Establish a niche, (2) Identify a gap, (3) occupy the gap, and (4) state the purpose. At least, present purposes of the study and provide a niche for your work.

    2.4. Background

    Include a pertinent literature review with explicit international connections for relevant ideas. Provide background information or literature review (use recent literature; at least 75% of this section should be based on sources from the past 5 years). Quotations longer than 40 words should appear as block quotations, but 40-minus-word quotations will appear with quotation marks in the running text. The background section should frame your work within the body of existing literature. Citations and quotations in this section should follow IJLS Editorial style.

    2.5. Method

    In this section, describe your subjects, procedures, instruments, and Design. Each should be presented under a heading of its own. The instruments (questionnaires, tests, etc.) should be provided in the appendices section at the end of your manuscript. Provide sufficient details to allow the context of the work to be thoroughly understood and/or for the work to be reproduced. Provide sufficient detail for readers to understand how you engaged in your inquiry. Clear descriptions of your context and participants along with strategies used to collect and analyze data should be described. Evidence of reliability and validity of the instruments used should be supplied.

    2.6. Results

    Combining your results and discussion into a single section is recommended. Present the results of your work in this section of the manuscript. Keep the tables and figures to a minimum. Do not insert the tables/figures in this section. Place each of them along with its caption on a separate page at the end of your manuscript, but indicate where it should be inserted--just like in the example provided HERE. For table/figure captions and formatting, go by IJLS Editorial Style; use academic standards of data commentary writing.

    2.7. Discussion

    In discussing the findings of your study, you should explore the significance of the results of your work, not repeat them. Returning to relevant literature from the background section, you should show in this section how your work connects with or interrupts the already published body of existing literature.

    2.8. Conclusion

    The main conclusions of the study should be presented in a short Conclusions section, which should stand-alone. The conclusion section can also make predictions and suggestions based on the findings of the study. Pedagogical and/or andragogical implications of the study may also be presented.

    2.9. References

    Authors are responsible for ensuring that the information in each reference entry is complete and accurate. All the sources quoted or cited (as primary or secondary sources) in the manuscript should be referenced here. There should be a one-to-one correspondence between the sources cited/quoted and the ones referenced. Make sure to closely and meticulously follow IJLS Editorial Style. List the sources first alphabetically by author last names (from A to Z) and then chronologically (from past to present) for more sources by the same author. In other words, references should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.

    2.10. Tables

    Note that source files of figures, tables and text graphics will be required whether or not you provide them at the end of the manuscript. Place each table on a separate page along with its caption. Table captions should go by IJLS Editorial Style conventions. Number the tables according to their sequence in the manuscript. Do not embed tables within tables. Indicate each footnote in a table with a superscript lowercase letter.

    2.11. Figures

    Keep figures and illustrations to a minimum. Where possible, avoid them altogether. If you have use figures or illustrations, place each on a separate page along with its caption. Figure captions should go by IJLS Editorial Style conventions. Ensure that each figure or illustration has a caption. Do not embed the captions within the figures or illustrations; supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure/illustration itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the figures/illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used. Number the figures/illustrations according to their sequence in the manuscript.

    Please note: Because of technical complications which can arise by converting color figures to gray scale, please submit usable black and white versions of all the color illustrations. Acceptable file formats for graphic arts are PSD, TIFF, EPS or MS Office files. Minimum acceptable resolution is 600dpi.

    2.12. Appendices

    Provide all the questionnaires, tests, and so on that you used as your data collection tools. If you cannot include them in the manuscript, please include them as separate files in your submission package. If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc.

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