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Title Methodology of archaeometric investigation of archaeological rock raw-material (stone tools, building material): case studies
Author Anna Farkas-Peto
Abstract It has been known for almost 150 years that certain fields of archaeology could not operate without palaeoenvironmental investigations based on geology and the associated mineralogical-geological, building material etc. examinations. Therefore archaeometry and archaeological geology developed in the past few decades receive more-and-more attention nowadays. The author the present paper has been working with archaeologist Tünde Horváth since 1997 on the complex archaeological and geological investigation of the stone tools of the Vatya-Nagyráv Bronze Age culture including examination of more than 1000 stone tools. This is the first Hungarian project that focused on Bronze Age stone tools. Considering  stone tools both traditional and modern analytical  technologies can involve problems therefore a new non-destructive technology preserving the original form of the stone tools has been worked out. Categorizing in order to assess grade of identifiability and identification investigations applying comparison standards from different presumable localities were introduced. Characteristic values of studied stone tools were recorded in a computer database called lithotheca enabling us to perform various queries. Present paper outlines the methodology of such investigations on the basis of some Hungarian examples. 
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References
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Keywords archaeometrics, stone tools from the Bronze Age, building stones, methodology, locality identification
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