Business and Economic Horizons

  Previous Article | Back to Volume | Next Article
  Abstract | References | Citation | Download | Preview | Statistics
Volume 13
Issue 1
Online publication date 2017-02-27
Title Do employee attitudes mediate the relationship between strategic human resource management practices and organizational effectiveness? A SEM based investigation using SMART-PLS software
Author Okechukwu Lawrence Emeagwali, Mohammad Tahseen Sleimi
Abstract
This research set out to test the mediating of employee attitudes on the relationship between SHRM (Society for Human Resource Management) practices and organizational effectiveness in Palestinian banking sector. Using structural equation modeling (SEM) it is investigated a random sample of 357 Palestinian banks' employees selected in a random manner in 16 Palestinian governorates. The partial least square approach has been used depending on SMART-PLS software. Results show the existence of direct and indirect significant path between SHRM practices and organizational effectiveness. However, the indirect relationship through the mediating role of employee attitudes was stronger than the direct one. To sum up, results indicate that employee attitudes partially mediate the relationship between SHRM practices and organizational effectiveness.  
Citation
References
Astrachan, J. H., Klein, S. B., & Smyrnios, K. X. (2002). The F-PEC scale of family influence: a proposal for solving the family business definition problem. Family Business Review, 15(1), 45–58. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-6248.2002.00045.x
 
Aycan, Z., Al-Hamadi, A. B., Davis, A., & Budhwar, P. (2007). Cultural orientations and preferences for HRM policies and practices: the case of Oman. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 18(1), 11–32. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585190601068243
 
Becker, B., & Gerhart, B. (1996). The impact of human resource management on organizational performance: Progress and prospects. Academy of Management Journal, 39(4), 779–801. https://doi.org/10.2307/256712
 
Collis, J., & Hussey, R. (2013). Business research: A practical guide for undergraduate and postgraduate students. Palgrave macmillan.
 
De Vaus, D. (2013). Surveys in social research. Routledge.
 
Delaney, J. T., & Huselid, M. A. (1996). The impact of human resource management practices on perceptions of organizational performance. Academy of Management Journal, 39(4), 949–969. https://doi.org/10.2307/256718
 
Edwards, J. R., & Bagozzi, R. P. (2000). On the nature and direction of relationships between constructs and measures. Psychological Methods, 5(2), 155. https://doi.org/10.1037/1082-989X.5.2.155
 
F. Hair Jr, J., Sarstedt, M., Hopkins, L., & G. Kuppelwieser, V. (2014). Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) An emerging tool in business research. European Business Review, 26(2), 106–121. https://doi.org/10.1108/EBR-10-2013-0128
 
Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error: Algebra and statistics. Journal of marketing research, 382-388. https://doi.org/10.2307/3150980
 
Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2009). Multivariate data analysis, chapter 8. Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
 
Hair, J. F., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2011). PLS-SEM: Indeed a silver bullet. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 19(2), 139–152.
https://doi.org/10.2753/MTP1069-6679190202
 
Hair, J. F., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2013). Editorial-partial least squares structural equation modeling: Rigorous applications, better results and higher acceptance. Long Range Planning, 46(1–2), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2013.01.001
 
Hair, J. F., Sarstedt, M., Ringle, C. M., & Mena, J. A. (2012). An assessment of the use of partial least squares structural equation modeling in marketing research. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 40(3), 414–433. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11747-011-0261-6
 
Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2015). A new criterion for assessing discriminant validity in variance-based structural equation modeling. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 43(1), 115–135. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11747-014-0403-8
 
Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., & Sinkovics, R. R. (2009). The use of partial least squares path modeling in international marketing. Advances in International Marketing, 20(1), 277–319.
 
Henseler, J., & Sarstedt, M. (2013). Goodness-of-fit indices for partial least squares path modeling. Computational Statistics, 28(2), 565–580. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00180-012-0317-1
 
Hulland, J., & of Business, R. I. S. (1999). Use of partial least squares (PLS) in strategic management research: A review of four recent studies. Strategic Management Journal, 20(2), 195–204. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0266(199902)20:2<195::AID-SMJ13>3.0.CO;2-7
 
Huselid, M. A., & Becker, B. E. (1996). Methodological issues in cross-sectional and panel estimates of the human resource-firm performance link. Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, 35(3), 400–422. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-232X.1996.tb00413.x
 
Jackson, S. E., Schuler, R. S., & Jiang, K. (2014). An aspirational framework for strategic human resource management. The Academy of Management Annals, 8(1), 1–56. https://doi.org/10.1080/19416520.2014.872335
 
Johnson, P., & Clark, M. (2006). Business and Management Research Methodologies: Evaluating Research and the Question of Criteriology. SAGE. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781446260906
 
Katou, A. A. (2012). Investigating reverse causality between human resource management policies and organizational performance in small firms. Management Research Review, 35(2), 134–156. https://doi.org/10.1108/01409171211195161
 
Katou, A. A., & Budhwar, P. S. (2006). Human resource management systems and organizational performance: a test of a mediating model in the Greek manufacturing context. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 17(7), 1223–1253.
https://doi.org/10.1080/09585190600756525
 
Lewis, P., Thornhill, A., & Saunders, M. (2007). Research methods for business students. Pearson Education UK.
 
Malhotra, N. K., Birks, D. F., & Inc.., E. I. S. (2000). Marketing research: an applied approach. Financial Times, Prentice Hall Harlow.
 
Mathis, R. L., & Jackson, J. (2011). Human resource management: Essential perspectives. Cengage Learning.
 
Pfeffer, J. (1998). The human equation: Building profits by putting people first. Harvard Business Press.
 
Porter, M. (1998). e.(1980) Competitive strategy: techniques for analyzing industries and competitors. New York.
 
Purcell, J. (2003). Understanding the people and performance link: unlocking the black box. CIPD Publishing.
 
Purcell, J., & Hutchinson, S. (2007). Front-line managers as agents in the HRM-performance causal chain: theory, analysis and evidence. Human Resource Management Journal, 17(1), 3–20. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-8583.2007.00022.x
 
Rugimbana, R., & Akong'o Dimba, B. (2010). Strategic human resource management practices: effect on performance. African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, 1(2), 128–137. https://doi.org/10.1108/20400701011073455
 
Sarstedt, M., Ringle, C. M., Smith, D., Reams, R., & Hair, J. F. (2014). Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM): A useful tool for family business researchers. Journal of Family Business Strategy, 5(1), 105–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfbs.2014.01.002
 
Saunders, M. N. K. (2011). Research methods for business students, 5/e. Pearson Education India.
 
Schuler, R. S., & Jackson, S. E. (1987). Linking competitive strategies with human resource management practices. The Academy of Management Executive (1987-1989), 207–219. https://doi.org/10.5465/AME.1987.4275740
 
Voorhees, C. M., Brady, M. K., Calantone, R., & Ramirez, E. (2016). Discriminant validity testing in marketing: an analysis, causes for concern, and proposed remedies. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 44(1), 119–134. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11747-015-0455-4
 
Wang, Z., Chen, J., Wang, Z., & Zang, Z. (2005). Strategic human resources, innovation and entrepreneurship fit: A cross-regional comparative model. International Journal of Manpower, 26(6), 544–559. https://doi.org/10.1108/01437720510625458
 
Wong, K. K.-K. (2013). Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) techniques using SmartPLS. Marketing Bulletin, 24(1), 1–32.
 
Wright, P. M., & Gardner, T. M. (2003). The human resource-firm performance relationship: methodological and theoretical challenges. The New Workplace: A Guide to the Human Impact of Modern Working Practices, 311–328.
 
Wright, P. M., & Snell, S. A. (1998). Toward a unifying framework for exploring fit and flexibility in strategic human resource management. Academy of Management Review, 23(4), 756–772.
 
Youndt, M. A., Snell, S. A., Dean, J. W., & Lepak, D. P. (1996). Human resource management, manufacturing strategy, and firm performance. Academy of Management Journal, 39(4), 836–866. https://doi.org/10.2307/256714
Keywords Strategic human resource management (SHRM) practices, employee attitudes, organizational effectiveness.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.15208/beh.2017.04
Pages 42-59
Download Full PDF Download
  Previous Article | Back to Volume | Next Article
Share
Search in articles
Statistics
Journal Published articles
BEH 558
Journal Hits
BEH 1132605
Journal Downloads
BEH 41256
Total users online -