Business and Economic Horizons

  Previous Article | Back to Volume | Next Article
  Abstract | References | Citation | Download | Preview | Statistics
Volume 3
Issue 3
Online publication date 2010-10-14
Title An empirical approach about some important features of child labor in Turkey
Author Hakan Acaroglu
Abstract The study examines effects of some factors on the child labor force in Turkey such as the level of education of household heads determining the child labor, the features of geographical region where the household live and sex of working children. It is a motivation tool of opting for this subject in a developing country having a young population that there are few empirical studies concerning the fact of child labor. The empirical results obtained from non-conditional probability and probit analyses show that the employment rates of boys are higher than that of girls in both urban and rural regions. The education level of decision-makers of household in rural areas is lower than that of in urban regions and accordingly child labor employment rates in rural regions is higher than the same rates in urban regions. These facts mean that the lower the level of education of household heads is, the higher the child labor becomes. That is, when the education level of decision-makers decreases in rural areas, the child labor becomes more common.
Ahmed, I., 1999. “Getting rid of child labour”, Economic and Political Weekly, 3-9 July

Dayıoğlu, M., 2006. “The impact of household income on child labour in urban Turkey,” Journal of Development Studies, 42, (6), pp.939-56

Edmonds, E., 2007. “Child labor,” Institute fort he Study of Labor (IZA), and the National Bureau of Economic Research, June

Edmonds, E. and Pavcnik, N., 2002. “Does globalization increase child labor? Evidence from Vietnam,” NBER Working Paper, No8760, available at:

Edmonds, E. and Turk, C., 2004. “Child labor in transition in Vietnam,” World Bank Policy Research Paper, No2774, December, 2001 and published in Economic Growth, Poverty, and Household Welfare in Vietnam. Paul Glewwe, Nisha Agrawal, and David Dollar, editors. Washington DC: The World Bank: 505-550

Grootaert, C., 1998. “Child labor in Côte d’Ivoire: Incidence and determinants,” World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper, No1905

Grootaert, C. and Kanbur, R., 1995. “Child labor: A review,” Background paper for World Development Report, Policy Research Working Paper, No1454

ILO, 1992.  “World Labour Report,” Geneva

ILO, 2002. “A future without child labour,” Geneva, International Labour Organisation

Hussain, M. and Maskus, K., 2003. “Child labour use and economic growth: An econometric analysis,” World Economy, 26, (7), pp.993-1017

Khanam, R., 2004. “Child labour in Bangladesh: Determinants and effects,” available at: cgibin/conference/download.cgi?db_name=ACE2004&paper_id=136   

Lopez-Calva, L., 2001. “Child labor: Myths, theories and facts,” Journal of International Affairs,55, No1.

Neumayer, E. and Soysa, I., 2005. “Trade openness, foreign direct investment and child labor,” World Development, 33, (1), pp.43-63

Patrinos, H., and Psacharopoulos, G., 1997. “Family size, schooling and child labour in Peru: an empirical analysis,” Journal of Population Economics, 10, pp.387-405

Tansel, A., 2002. “Determinants of school attainment of boys and girls in Turkey: Individual, household and community factors,” Economics of Education Review, 21, pp.455-70

Tienda, M., 1979. “Economic activity of children in Peru: Labor force behavior in rural and urban contexts,” Rural Sociology, 44,(2), pp.370-91

Tunalı, İ., 1996. “Education and work: Experiences of 6- to14-year-old children in Turkey,” in T. Bulutay (Ed.), Education and the labour market in Turkey, Ankara: SIS, pp.106-43

TurkStat, 2007. “Çalışan çocuklar 2006”, Turkish Statistical Institute Yayın, No3091, Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu Matbaası, Ankara, Ekim

Salmon, C., 2005. “Child labor in Bangladesh: Are children the last economic resource of the household?”, Journal of Developing Societies, 21 (1-2): pp.33-54 

Uluslar arası Çalışma Konferansı. 2006. “Çocuk işçiliğinde sona doğru: Ulaşılabilir bir hedef,” Çalışmaya İlişkin Temel Haklar ve İlkeler ILO Bildirgesinin İzlenmesi Çerçevesindeki Küresel Rapor, Uluslar arası Çalışma Konferansı 95’inci Oturum, Rapor I (B), Uluslar arası Çalışma Ofisi, Ankara

Keywords Child labor, education, rural, urban, sex, Turkey
Pages 135-146
Download Full PDF Download
  Previous Article | Back to Volume | Next Article
Search in articles
Journal Published articles
BEH 626
Journal Hits
BEH 1652585
Journal Downloads
BEH 48759
Total users online -