Europhysics Letters

  Previous Article | Back to Volume | Next Article
  Abstract | References | Citation | Download | Preview | Statistics
Sample volume 1
Title Direct measurement of the speed of sound in a complex plasma under microgravity conditions
Author M. Schwabe, K. Jiang, S. Zhdanov, T. Hagl, P. Huber, A. V. Ivlev, A. M. Lipaev, V. I. Molotkov, V. N. Naumkin, K. R. Sutterlin, H. M. Thomas, V. E. Fortov, G. E. Morfill, A. Skvortsov, S. Volkov
Abstract We present a direct measurement of the speed of sound in a three-dimensional complex plasma —a room-temperature plasma that contains micrometer-sized particles as fourth component. In order to obtain an undisturbed system, the setup was placed under microgravity conditions on board the International Space Station. The speed of sound was measured with the help of Mach cones excited by a supersonic probe particle moving through the extended particle cloud at Mach numbers M≲3. We use the Mach cone relation to infer the particle charge and compare with that predicted by standard theories. In addition, we compare our results with a numerical simulation. In both experiment and simulation, we observe a double Mach cone structure.
Citation
References
[1] Maccoll J. W., Proc. R. Soc. A, 159 (1937) 459.
[2] Wezgowiec M., Vollmer B., Ehle M., Dettmar R.- ˙J., Bomans D. J., Chyzy K. T., Urbanik M. and Soida M., Astron. Astrophys., 531 (2011) A44.
[3] Makse H. A., Gland N., Johnson D. L. and Schwartz L., Phys. Rev. E, 70 (2004) 061302.
[4] Heil P., Rericha E. C., Goldman D. I. and Swinney H. L., Phys. Rev. E, 70 (2004) 060301(R).
[5] Casalderrey-Solana J., J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys., 34 (2007) S345.
[6] Ulery J. G., Int. J. Mod. Phys. E, 16 (2007) 2005.
[7] Rao N. N., Shukla P. K. and Yu M. Y., Planet. Space Sci., 38 (1990) 543.
[8] Barkan A., Merlino R. L. and D’Angelo N., Phys. Plasmas, 2 (1995) 3563.
[9] Molotkov V. I., Nefedov A. P., Torchinskii V. M., Fortov V. E. and Khrapak A. G., JETP, 89 (1999) 477.
[10] Zobnin A. V., Usachev A. D., Petrov O. F. and Fortov V. E., JETP, 95 (2002) 429.
[11] Khrapak S. A., Ratynskaia S. V., Zobnin A. V., Usachev A. D., Yaroshenko V. V., Thoma M. H., Kretschmer M., Hofner H., Morfill G. E., Petrov ¨ O. F. and Fortov V. E., Phys. Rev. E, 72 (2005) 016406.
[12] Thompson C., Barkan A., D’Angelo N. and Merlino R. L., Phys. Plasmas, 4 (1997) 2331.
[13] Nunomura S., Samsonov D. and Goree J., Phys. Rev. Lett., 84 (2000) 51415144.
[14] Nosenko V., Goree J., Ma Z. W. and Piel A., Phys. Rev. Lett., 88 (2002) 135001.
[15] Annibaldi S. V., Ivlev A. V., Konopka U., Ratynskaia S., Thomas H. M., Morfill G. E., Lipaev A. M., Molotkov V. I., Petrov O. F. and Fortov V. E., New J. Phys., 9 (2007) 327.
[16] Schwabe M., Rubin-Zuzic M., Zhdanov S., Thomas H. M. and Morfill G. E., Phys. Rev. Lett., 99 (2007) 095002.
[17] Schwabe M., Zhdanov S. K., Thomas H. M., Ivlev A. V., Rubin-Zuzic M., Morfill G. E., Molotkov V. I., Lipaev A. M., Fortov V. E. and Reiter T.,
New J. Phys., 10 (2008) 033037.
[18] Flanagan T. M. and Goree J., Phys. Plasmas, 17 (2010) 123702.
[19] Samsonov D., Goree J., Ma Z. W., Bhattacharjee
A., Thomas H. M. and Morfill G. E., Phys. Rev. Lett., 83 (1999) 3649.
[20] Samsonov D. and Goree J., Phys. Rev. E, 59 (1999) 1047.
[21] Dubin D. H. E., Phys. Plasmas, 7 (2000) 3895.
[22] Melzer A., Nunomura S., Samsonov D., Ma Z. W. and Goree J., Phys. Rev. E, 62 (2000) 4162.
[23] Jiang K., Nosenko V., Li Y. F., Schwabe M., Konopka U., Ivlev A. V., Fortov V. E., Molotkov V. I., Lipaev A. M., Petrov O. F., Turin M. V.,
Thomas H. M. and Morfill G. E., EPL, 85 (2009) 45002.
[24] Thomas H. M., Morfill G. E., Fortov V. E., Ivlev A. V., Molotkov V. I., Lipaev A. M., Hagl T., Rothermel H., Khrapak S. A., Suetterlin R. K., Rubin-Zuzic M., Petrov O. F., Tokarev V. I. and Krikalev S. K., New J. Phys., 10 (2008) 033036.
[25] Watanabe Y., J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 39 (2006) R329.
[26] Goree J., Morfill G. E., Tsytovich V. N. and Vladimirov S. V., Phys. Rev. E, 59 (1999) 7055.
[27] Nosenko V., Ivlev A. V. and Morfill G. E., Phys. Plasmas, 17 (2010) 123705.
[28] Schweigert V. A., Schweigert I. V., Nosenko V. and Goree J., Phys. Plasmas, 9 (2002) 4465.
[29] Liu B., Goree J., Nosenko V. and Boufendi L., Phys. Plasmas, 10 (2003) 9.
[30] Buttenschon B., Himpel M. ¨ and Melzer A., New J. Phys., 13 (2011) 023042.
[31] Arp O., Caliebe D. and Piel A., Phys. Rev. E, 83 (2011) 066404.
[32] Caliebe D., Arp O. and Piel A., Phys. Plasmas, 18 (2011) 073702.
[33] Zhdanov S. K., Morfill G. E., Samsonov D.,
Zuzic M. and Havnes O., Phys. Rev. E, 69 (2004) 026407.
[34] Allen M. P. and Tildesley D. J., Computer Simulation of Liquids (Oxford University Press, New York) 1989.
[35] Lemons D. S., An Introduction to Stochastic Processes (The Johns Hopkins University Press, USA) 2002.
[36] Epstein P., Phys. Rev., 23 (1924) 710.
[37] Konopka U., Wechselwirkungen geladener Staubteilchen in Hochfrequenzplasmen, PhD Thesis, Ruhr-Universit¨atBochum (July 2000).
[38] Havnes O., Morfill G. E. and Goertz C. K., J. Geophys. Res., 89 (1984) 10999.
[39] Goertz I., Greiner F. and Piel A., Phys. Plasmas, 18 (2011) 013703.
[40] Khrapak S. A., Thomas H. M. and Morfill G. E., EPL, 91 (2010) 25001.
[41] Bonitz M., Henning C. and Block D., Rep. Prog. Phys., 73 (2010) 066501.
[42] Kennedy R. V. and Allen J. E., J. Plasma Phys., 67 (2002) 243.
[43] Morfill G. E., Konopka U., Kretschmer M., RubinZuzic M., Thomas H. M., Zhdanov S. K. and Tsytovich V., New J. Phys., 8 (2006) 7.
[44] Bryant P. M., New J. Phys., 6 (2004) 60.
[45] Lipaev A. M., Khrapak S. A., Molotkov V. I., Morfill G. E., Fortov V. E., Ivlev A., Thomas H. M., Khrapak A. G., Naumkin V. N., Ivanov A. I., Tretschev S. E. and Padalka G. I., Phys. Rev. Lett., 98 (2007) 265006.
Keywords
Download Full PDF Download
  Previous Article | Back to Volume | Next Article
Share
Search in articles
Statistics
Journal Published articles
EPL 102
Journal Hits
EPL 211500
Journal Downloads
EPL 340
Total users online -