Indian Journal of Science and Technology

  Previous Article | Back to Volume | Next Article
  Abstract | References | Citation | Download | Preview | Statistics
Sample volume 1
Title Selected psychological and social variables of professional students of Punjab and Jammu Kashmir states
Author Hilal Ahmad, Surjeet Singh
The purpose of present study was to compare the psychological and social variables of physical education students of Punjab and Jammu Kashmir states. To obtain data for this study, the investigator had selected two hundred (N=200) subjects, out of which one hundred (N=100) from Punjab state and one hundred (n=100) from Jammu Kashmir state who were studying under the  Department of Physical Education Punjabi University, Patiala (Punjab) and Department of Physical Education & Sports, University of Kashmir (J&K). The age of all subjects ranged from 21 to 28 years. Selfconcept, anxiety, intelligence, were taken as psychological variables while as socio economic status and social attitude were chosen to measure social variables. The self-concept was measured by  applying the Sinha’s, 1984 self disclosure inventory;  the anxiety level of the subject by I.P.A.T anxiety scale questionnaire developed by Krug et al., 1992; the intelligence of the subjects was measured by R.K. Tondon’s, 1975 group test; socio economic status by Verma, R.P. & P.C Saxena index. 1984 and to measure social attitude, Raghavendra S. Singh, Amar NathTripathi and RamjeeLal’s Modernization Scale were used. The scoring was done for the respective questionnaire according to their manuals. “T” test was applied to determine the significance of difference and direction of difference in mean scores of 
variables between Punjab and Jammu Kashmir states. The level of significance was set at 0.05. The results revealed that no significant difference was found between physical education students of Punjab and Jammu Kashmir states on 
social variables. In psychology variables that is self-concept and anxiety no significant difference was found. However in the variable intelligence a significant difference was  found between physical education students of Punjab and Jammu Kashmir states.
1.Bouras N and Holt Gs (2007) Psychiatric and behavioral 
disorders in intellectual and developmental disabilities 2nd 
ed. Cambridge University Press. UK.
2.Cole Jery Robert (1969) The relationship between attitude 
towards physical  education activities, Motor performance 
levels and socio-economic status of negro and caucasian 
college men. Dissertation abstract Intl. 292547-A.
3.Doudlah AM (1963) The relationship between the self 
concept, the body image and movement concept of 
college women in the low and average motor ability. 
Completed res. Health, Physical Education & Recreation. 
5, 99.
4.Erin WF (2006)  Differences between male and female 
students' confidence, anxiety, and attitude toward learning 
jazz improvisation.J.Res.Music Education. 54(4), 337-349. 
5.Fowler William H (1962) A comparative study of evaluative 
attitudes of outstanding varsity athletes and junior varsity 
athletes.  Completed Res. Health, Physical Education & 
Recreation. pp: 466.
6.Gerrig RJ and Zimbardo PG (2002)  Glossary of 
psychological Terms. Psychology and life. Allyn and 
Bacon, Boston, MA. 
7.Gray PO (2010) Foundations for the study of psychology. 
Psychology (6th ed.). Worth Publ., NY.
8.Krug et al (1992). I.P.A.T Anxiety Scale Questionnaire.
9.Parker NK (1962) The relationship between motor ability 
and self concept of women non-physical education major 
students.  Completed Res. Health, Physical Education & 
Recreation. 4, 84.
10.Sharyn JA (2005) Relationships between mental skills 
and competitive anxiety interpretation in open skill and 
close skill athletes. Unpublished master thesis.  Dept. 
Physical Edu. Health & Sport Studies. Miami University. 
Oxford, Ohio. 
11.Singh A (1992) A study of Indian sportsmen.  Friends 
Publ., Delhi.
12.Sinha’s (1984) Self disclosure inventory
13.Singh Raghavendra, Singh Amar NathTripathi and 
RamjeeLal’s (1994) Manual of social attitude.  National 
psycho. Cooperation Agra. Friends Publication, Delhi.
14.Tondon’s RK (1975) Intellegence Test
15. Verma RP  and Saxena  PC (1984) Manual of  Socio 
economic status.
16.Wechsler (1992) Anxiety Scale Questionnaire. National 
psycho. Cooperation Agra. Friends Publication, Delhi.
Keywords Physical education, Punjab, Jammu Kashmir
Download Full PDF Download
  Previous Article | Back to Volume | Next Article
Search in articles
Journal Published articles
Journal Hits
IJST 191388
Journal Downloads
IJST 1317
Total users online -