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Volume 10
Issue 1
Online publication date 2012-03-22
Title Causes of shortage of living/cadaveric organs and tissues donation: Results of a public poll in Kazakhstan
Author Kuat Oshakbayev, G. Kuttymuratov, A. Ospanova, A. Zhumadilov, N. Uderbayev, A. Hasenova, P. Oshakbayev, B. Dukenbayeva
The work studies causes of the shortage in a living/cadaveric donation in Kazakhstan according to public opinion poll. The research included 400 respondents aged 18 to 72 years (mean age 34.0±0.56 years). Persons with a secondary education made 16.0%, and persons with specialized secondary education - 31.75%, persons with higher education - 52.25%. In relation to religion the respondents were differentiated to the following groups: Muslims made 53.0%, Christians - 26.75%, and atheists - 12.5%.
Only 13.5% of respondents gave consent to living donation and 43.5% - to cadaveric donation. Percent of consonant persons to become  cadaveric donor is the most among young people (47.6%) compared with persons in middle age (30.1%). The 26% of respondents would refuse to become cadaveric donor due to distrust to a positive outcome of donation (level of medical service, health development in the country).
The study indicates on  existence of significant  potential for cadaveric donation in Kazakhstan. The study concludes that the problem of cadaveric donation in Kazakhstan is not of fundamental importance and the problem relates to a lack of institutional and legal rules in the transplantation service.

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Keywords Living / cadaveric donation of organs and tissues, public poll study
Pages 67-73
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