Medical and Health Science Journal

  Previous Article | Back to Volume | Next Article
  Abstract | References | Citation | Download | Preview | Statistics
Volume 12
Issue 3
Online publication date 2012-07-27
Title Present-day aspects of public health in the Republic of Kazakhstan
Author Zhanat Totanov, Maria Omarova, Larissa Cherepanova, Lyazat Orakbay, Zhamillya Nugmanova
Abstract A model of integration of sanitary-epidemiological services, organizations of primary health care (PHC), medical and social services and nongovernmental organizations in the sphere of public health was developed. Its introduction in a pilot region produced positive results in rendering preventive medical services to the public, which are evidenced by the results of a sociological questionnaire survey of the patients and health care providers. The level of medical and social case work with vulnerable social groups of the population increased. The amount of dispensary patients, visiting topical health promoting schools raised from 30.6% to 58.9%, which resulted in reducing the ambulance call-out frequency during the working hours of medical preventive institutions by 2.5 times (from 0.33 to 0.13; p <0.5). The system of infection control was introduced. Epidemiologist's actions enabled arrangement of continuity in epidemiological observation between territorial institutions of PHC and sanitary-epidemiological surveillance.
Akanov, A., Kulzhanov, M., Kamaliev, M., 2005. “New public health in Kazakhstan,” Central Asian Scientific-Practical Journal of Public Health [Tsentralno-Aziatskiy nauchno-prakticheskiy zhurnal po obshchestvennomu zdravookhraneniu], in Russian, Vol.4, No2-3, pp.14-17

Baiserkin,  B., 2009. “Basic issues of sanitary-epidemiological service reform in the Republic of Kazakhstan,” Science and Public Health [Nauka i zdravookhranenie], in Russian, No3, pp.17-19

Deber, R., Hastings, J., Thompson, G., 1991. “Health care in Canada: current trends and  issues,” Journal of Public Health Policy, Vol.12, pp.72-82

Khromchenko, O., Kutsenko, G., 1990. Sanitary-epidemiological service [Sanitarno-epidemiologicheskaya sluzhba], in Russian, Moscow: Medicine

Kipshakbaev, R., Akshalova, D., 2006. “Problems of standartization in public health of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the context of world experience and demonstrative medicine,” Concilium [Konsilium], No3, pp.25-28 

McKee, M., Healy, J., Falkingham, J.(Eds.), 2002. “European Observatory on Health Care Systems. Health Care in Central  Asia,” European Observatory on Health Care Systems Series. Buckingham-Philadelphia, Open University Press
Meimanaliev, T., 2003. Kyrghyz model of public health [Kyrgyzskaya model zdravookhraneniya], in Russian, Bishkek: Uchkun

Tulebaev, K., Nersesov,  A., Nazirova, N. et al., 2007. “Algorithms of actions to be taken by primary medical care professionals for healthy lifestyle promotion, Prevention of risk factors of key socially significant diseases,” Preventive Measures Protocols [Protokoly profilakticheskoy deyatelnosti], in Russian, Astana-Almaty

Tulchinskiy, T., Varavikova, E., 1999. New public health: introduction into modern science [Novoe obtschestvennoe zdravookhranenie: vvedenie v sovremennuyu nauku], in Russian, Jerusalem: Beseder

WHO, 1996. European Health Care Reforms: Analysis of Current Strategies, Summary Copenhagen: WHO European Office

Young, Q., 1993. “Healthcare reform: a new public health movement,” American Journal of Public Health, Vol.83, pp.945-46

Keywords Public health, reform, integration, model
Pages 78-84
Download Full PDF Download
  Previous Article | Back to Volume | Next Article
Search in articles
Journal Published articles
MHSJ 940
Journal Hits
MHSJ 2307314
Journal Downloads
MHSJ 17101
Total users online -