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Volume 13
Issue 4
Title Wild medical plants in the phytocenoses of the Northern Kazakhstan
Author Galina Shtephan
Abstract The mobilization of genetic resources and their preservation for practical use have been actively pursued since the mid 80s of the 20th century and retain its position in the current millennium. The expedition survey specified habitats and provided assessment of wild species. The expedition collected seeds for future study and ex situ conservation of the gene pool, using them in the selection process as well. Survey areas with natural vegetation showed a downward trend in habitat, reducing of natural resources and the disappearance of some taxa of medicinal plants. In the northern regions of the country areas of Helichrysum arenarium (L.) Moench., Plantago major L., Rosa majalis Herrm, Patrinia intermedia Roem. et Schult., Phlojodicarpus sibiricum K Pol. have fallen sharply and, today, their distribution is patchy. Adonis vernalis L. does not form growing thickets of industrial value. This class has a high genetic erosion and is listed in the "Red Book". Stocks of many wild species of medicinal plants are depleted. These results suggest the need to preserve the natural plant communities and the introduction to the culture of a number of valuable wild medicinal plants.
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References
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Keywords Biodiversity, natural phytocenoses, genetic resources, medicinal plants
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.15208/mhsj.2012.72
Pages 128-132
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