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Volume 6
Issue 2
Online publication date 2011-04-04
Title Epidemiological and diagnostic aspects of osteoarticular tuberculosis in children and adolescents in Kazakhstan
Author Layla Amanzholova
Abstract The paper presents updated epidemiological data on osteoarticular tuberculosis (OAT) among children and adolescents in Kazakhstan during 1995-2007.  Retrospective analysis of methods of detection, risk factors for disease development and frequency of mistaken diagnosis among 248 children and adolescents was conducted. Our investigation revealed that during 2006-2007  decrease in OAT incidence was marked among children to 0.6 and adolescents to 0.9 per 100000 population. Phthisiatric methods allowed to verify the OAT diagnosis in 27±2.8% of cases,  roengenological ones - in 69.4±2.9% (р<0.05), surgical biopsy  method - in 17.9±2%; diagnosis of OAT was verified in 72.5±2.4% of cases at addressing of relatives of a patient
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References
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Keywords Extrapulmonary tuberculosis, osteoarticular tuberculosis, children and adolescents
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.15208/mhsj.2011.112
Pages 75-81
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