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Volume 6
Issue 2
Online publication date 2011-04-04
Title Neurophysiological analysis of the functional state of neuromotor apparatus in the children with cerebral palsy during treatment with Botulotoxin-A
Author Farkhod Khamraev, Shoira Nurmatova
Abstract 63 children with cerebral palsy were under medical surveillance  in the Republican Children’s Psychoneurological Hospital (Tashkent, Uzbekistan). The age was fluctuated from two to 14 years, mean age was 8±6 years. The children with spastic forms of cerebral palsy and dyskinetic cerebral palsy with rigid muscles were selected for treatment with local injections of Botulotoxin-A. Injection of Botulotoxin was administered in those muscle agonists that were significant in the formation of pathological muscular synergia. The results of electroneuromyography  (EMG) on the background of treatment with botulotoxin testify to the reliable decrease of tonus not only  in injected muscles, but also in muscles of antagonists and agonists.
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References
Bronnikov, V., Kravtsov, Yu., 2007. Substantiation of adaption-regulatory approach to complex rehabilitation of patients with infantile cerebral paralysis [Obosnovanie adaptatsionno-regulyatornogo podkhoda k kompkeksnoy reabilitatsii detey s cerebralnymi paralichami], in Russian, Novgorod

Carla Rito, Isabel Batalha, Maria Vasconselos. 2009. “Treatment of spasticity in cerebral palsy,” Abstract, 5th World Congress of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. Istanbul, p.1254

Doris Valencia Valenica, 2009. “Colombian experiences with botuliunm toxin type A in children with cerebral palsy,” Abstract, 5th World Congress of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. Istanbul, p.1252

Isolda Ferreire De Arajio, Simone Carazzato Maciel, Solange Sumire Aoki, 2009. “Comparison between peripheral nerve block with phenol 5% and with botulinum toxin type A on hip adductor muscles in patients with cerebral palsy,” 5th World Congress of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Istanbul, p.1253

Kojevnikova, V., 2005. Today technology in complex physical rehabilitation of patients with infantile cerebral paralysis, [Sovremennye tekhnologii v kompleksnoy fizicheskoy reabilitatsii bolknyh detskim cerebralnym paralychom], in Russian, Moscow

Keywords Botulinum toxin type A, electromyography, infantile cerebral paralysis, muscular tonicity, rehabilitation.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.15208/mhsj.2011.125
Pages 132-135
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