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Volume 8
Issue 4
Online publication date 2011-07-29
Title Growth and development of children with HIV/AIDS
Author Olga Kim
Abstract There were observed 241 HIV-infected children. Indexes of children’s physical development (PD) such as weight-to-growth, height-for-age, weight-for-age, and BMI-for-age were studied, depending on the age (less than 12 months, 12-35 and 36-59 month-old children), stage of disease, immunosuppression severity and HIV replication activity. It was revealed that PD indexes of children less than 12 months may not be used as predictors of HIV severity and progression rate. Adequate prognosis in regard of severity and progression rate according to PD indexes is possible only in children older than 1 year old.
Citation
References
Berhane, R., Bagenda, D., Marum, L. et al., 1997. “Growth failure as a prognostic indicator of mortality in pediatric HIV infection”, J. Pediatrics, Vol.100, p.e7

Kapitonov, V., 2005. “Genetic approach in evaluating the growth characteristics and child’s development,” Pediatrics [Pediatriya], in Russian, No.3, pp.58-60

McKinney, R., Wilfert, C., 1994. “Growth as a prognostic indicator in children with human immunodeficiency virus infection treated with zidovudine. AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 043 Study Group,” J. Pediatrics, Vol.125, pp.728-33

Miller, T., 2000. “Nutrition in paediatric human immunodeficiency virus infection,” Proc. Nutr. Soc., Vol.59, pp.155-162

Moye, J., Rich, K., Kalish, L., et al., 1996. “Natural history of somatic growth in infants born to women infected by human immunodeficiency virus,” J. Pediatrics, Vol.128, pp.58-67

Saavedra, J., Henderson, R., Perman, J., Hutton, N., Livingston, R., Yolken, R., 1995. “Longitudinal assessment of growth in children born to mothers with human immunodeficiency virus infection”, Arch. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med., Vol.149, pp.497-502

WHO, 2005. Report of the technical consultation on clinical staging of HIV/AIDS and HIV/AIDS case definition for surveillance,  Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe

WHO, 2006a. Antiretroviral therapy of HIV infection in infants and children in resource-limited settings, WHO Child Growth Standards, towards universal access: Recommendation of a public health approach, Geneva

WHO, 2006b. Standard indicators of child’s development (length / height-age, weight-for-age, body mass-body length, body weight, height and body mass index, age): Methods and developments, in Russian

Keywords Human immunodeficiency virus, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, physical development, children
Pages 16-20
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