Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business

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Volume 14
Issue 4
Online publication date 2014-11-20
Title Is higher education a driving force of economic growth in Uzbekistan?
Author Akram Ochilov
Abstract
This article describes how accumulated knowledge is becoming as a driving force of economic growth and social development in Uzbekistan. The article discusses the achievements and challenges of education and its role in fostering of economic growth of Uzbekistan. Education is admitted to be one of the driving forces of the knowledge based economy. In particular, along with the capital and human resources the quantity and quality of education in general, higher education particularly, may have significant effect on economic growth. The research attempted to determine the existence of correlation between quantity/quality of higher education and the economic growth in Uzbekistan. Regression estimation with GDP growth as dependent variable and number and quality of graduates, per graduator costs as well as accumulated average year of schooling as independent variables revealed strong relationship between higher education and economic growth in Uzbekistan.

Citation
References
Asminkin Ya., Nemirovskaya O., 2007. "Toward compulsory vocational education in Uzbekistan: A decade on," Technical and Vocational Skills Development, No.38, pp.41-42

Barro R., 1999. "Human Capital and Growth in Cross Country Regressions," Swedish Economic Policy Review, Vol.6, pp.237-277

Eduardo de Carvalho Andrade, Laurini M., 2010. "New evidence on the role of cognitive skills in Economic Development", Economics Letters, Vol.117(1), pp.123-126

Hanushek E., Kimko D., 2000. "Schooling, Labor-force quality, and the growth of nations," American Economic Review, Vol.46(3), pp.1184-1208

Hanushek E., Woessmann L., 2008. "The Role of cognitive skills in economic development," Journal of Economic Literature, Vol.46(3), pp.607-68

Kozma B.R.,  2008. "ICT, education reform, and economic Growth: A conceptual framework," [online] Available from: [Accessed 20 January, 2012]

Ochilov A., 2012. Education and Economic Growth in Uzbekistan. Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business. - Czech Republic, Prage, Vol.12(3), pp.21-33

Pritchett L., 1996. "Where Has All the Education Gone?" World Bank Policy Research Paper, No.1581 

Shodiev T.Sh., Ochilov A., 2014. "An empirical analysis of higher education and economic growth in Uzbekistan," Effective use of social-economic potential and draw into new sources of economic growth. VIth materials of young economist scientists, Таshkent, IFMR, 1, pp.243-249 
Keywords Uzbekistan, higher education, knowledge economy, quality of education, economic growth.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.15208/pieb.2014.19
Pages 160-174
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