Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business

  Previous Article | Back to Volume | Next Article
  Abstract | References | Citation | Download | Preview | Statistics
Volume 5
Issue 2
Online publication date 2010-06-08
Title An alternative approach for child labour in developing countries: Child labour participation rates or school non-attendance rates
Author Hakan Acaroglu, Ozcan Dagdemir
Abstract Child labour widely measured by child labour participation rates in literature is considered by non-attendance rates in primary education in this study. Along with this approach, it is attempted to investigate in what closeness the child labour ratios of countries are also measured by school non-attendance rates. The data is collected from UNICEF and World Bank. 85 developing countries take part in cross-country analysis by ordinary least square technique. The time period interval is 2000-2007 years and the average of those eight years is used.  It has been found that non-attendance rates to primary education in developing countries can be a statistically possible proxy variable at the cases of unavailable child labour participation rates data.
Ahmed, I., 1999. “Getting rid of child labour,” Economic and Political Weekly, 3-9 July

Beegle, K., Dehejia, R., and  Gatti, R., 2005. “Why should we care about child labor? The education, labor market, and health consequences,” Working Paper No3479, Washington, DC: World Bank Policy Research

Beegle, K., Dehejia, R., and Gatti, R. 2006. “Child labor and agricultural shocks,” Journal of Development Economics, Vol.81, pp.80-96

Becker, G., 1965. “A theory of the allocation of time,” Economic Journal, Vol.75, pp.493-517.
Bonnal, M., 2009. “Child labor, openness, human capital and technology: A panel data approach,” Working paper,

Cigno, A., Rosati, F., Guarcello, L., 2002. “Does globalization increase child labor?” World Development, Vol.30, pp.1579-589

Darbaz Burak, Uysal-Kolaşin Gökçe, 2009. “125 bin çocuk işçi okula gitmiyor, 30 bini hiç gitmemiş,” Araştırma Notu, No033, Betam

Drenovsky, C., 1992. “Children’s labor force participation in the world system,” Journal of Comparative Family Studies, Vol.23, pp.183-95

Edmonds, E., 2002, “Globalization and the economics of child labor,” Neue Zürcher Zeitung, February 23/24, pp.29

Edmonds, E., Pavcnik, N., 2004. “International trade and child labor: cross-country evidence,” Working Paper 10317. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research

Edmonds, E., Pavcnik, N., Topalova, P., 2007. “Trade adjustment and human capital investments: Evidence from Indian tariff reform,” NBER Working Paper Series, Working Paper 12884,

Forastieri, V., 1997. Children at work, health and safety risks, International Labour Office, Geneva. 
Foster, A., Rosenzweig, M., 1996. “Technical change and human capital returns and investments: Evidence from the green revolution,” American Economic Review, Vol.86(4), pp.931-953

Grootaert, C., ve Kanbur, R., 1995. “Child labor: A review,” Policy Research Working Paper 1454, Background paper for World Development Report

ILO, 1992, World Labour Report, Geneva

Neumayer, E., Soysa, I., 2005, “Trade openness, foreign direct investment and child labor,” World Development, Vol 33 (1), pp 43-63

Psacharopoulos , G., 1997. “Child labor versus educational attainment, Some evidence from Latin America,” Journal of Population Economics, Vol.10, pp.377-86

Ranjan, P., 2001. “Credit constraints and the phenomenon of child labor,” Journal of Development Economics, Vol 64, pp.81-102

Rivera-Batiz, F., 1985. Child labor patterns and legislation relation to fertlity, (mimeo), Department of Economics, Indiana University, Bloomington

Sachs, J., Warner, A., 1995. “Economic reform and the process of global integration,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Vol.1, pp.1-118

Udry, C., 2003. “Child labor,” Center Discussion Paper No. 856, Economıc Growth Center Yale Unıversıty, June. Unicef, 2007 

World Bank, 2009, World Development Indicators (WDI), a CD-ROM

Keywords Child labour participation rates, nonattendance rates, developing countries.
Pages 75-78
Download Full PDF Download
  Previous Article | Back to Volume | Next Article
Search in articles
Journal Published articles
PIEB 611
Journal Hits
PIEB 1937822
Journal Downloads
PIEB 29295
Total users online -