Acta Universitatis Danubius: Oeconomica

Sample articles

Acta Universitatis Danubius: Oeconomica Acta Universitatis Danubius: Œconomica publishes studies in economics ISSN 2067-340X (ONLINE) ISSN 2065-0175 (PRINT) Journal metadata

Sample articles
  • Aims and scope

    The scientific published articles encompass economic areas, from general economic theory, management, marketing, commerce, finance, accounting, insurance, banks and stock exchanges, economic analysis, international economic relations to economic mathematics and informatics, financial and commercial law and history of economics. The review presents theoretical studies from all fields of economic activity, combining theoretical approaches with the presentation of practical cases, providing well documented answers to a wide range of issues encountered in the economic environment. The review represents the theoretical and empirical studies in all economic areas and it is written by authors that are mainly from the academic world, but also researchers, master’s students, managers, entrepreneurs, business people, etc.

  • Profile

    The Faculty of Economic Sciences of the “Danubius” University from Galaţi, Romania, has started publishing a scientific review: Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica, since 2005, in English and French language, that is distributed both nationally and internationally and its main domain of study is economics. The theme of the review is very diverse.

    AUDΠis peer review journal. All research articles in this journal undergo rigorous peer review, based on initial editor screening and anonymous refereeing by at least two anonymous referees.

    The peer review process is essential in terms of quality as the articles that have undertaken the process are considered highly credible because they have undergone scrutiny by experts with particular knowledge in the topic. The primary aims of peer review are 2-fold: to decide whether or not an article should be published (based on quality and relevance to the journal), and to improve the article before publication.

    This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

  • Editors

    Editorial Board

    Anca Gabriela Turtureanu, Danubius University of Galati, Romania
    Catalin Angelo Ioan, University Danubius Galati, Romania
    Carmen Cretu, Danubius University of Galati, Romania
    Daniela Monica Robu, Danubius University of Galati, Romania

    Scientific Board

    Benone Pusca, Danubius University of Galati, Romania
    Ruhet Genc, Beykent University, Turkey
    Azman Ismail, National Defense University of Malaysia, Malaysia
    Russell Christopher Somoye, Crescent University, Abeokuta,Nigeria
    Philip Chimobi Omoke, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
    Craig Webster, University of Nicosia, Cyprus
    Dominic Shum, Malaysian Institute of Management, Malaysia
    Goparaju Purna Sudhakar, Engineering Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India
    Klodiana Gorica, University of Tirana, Albania
    Rodica Pripoaie, Danubius University of Galati, Romania
    Anca Gabriela Turtureanu, Danubius University of Galati, Romania
    Gheorghe Lates, Danubius University of Galati, Romania
    Thavorn Thitthongkam, Shinawatra International University, Thailand
    John Christopher Walsh, Shinawatra International University, Thailand
    Leonard Lepadatu, Free International University, Moldova, Republic Of Cornelia Tureac, Danubius University of Galati, Romania
    Carmen Cretu, Danubius University of Galati, Romania
    Maria Petrova Kehajova-Stoycheva, University of Economics - Varna, Bulgaria
    Roberta Minazzi, University of Insubria, Italy
    Arnaldo Mauri, University of Milano, Italy
    Jose Vargas Hernandez, University Center for Economic and Administrative Sciences, Mexico
    Attila Buday-Santha, Pécs University, Hungary
    Ahmet Turel, Istanbul University, School of Business, Turkey
    Onome Daniel Awaritefe, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria
    Catalin Angelo Ioan, University Danubius Galati, Romania
    Georgeta Dragomir, Danubius University of Galati, Romania
    Florin Dan Puscaciu, Danubius University of Galati, Romania
    Isil Ozgen, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
    Marta Bakucz, Pécs University, Hungary
    Sonia Mileva-Bojanova, Sofia University, Bulgaria
    Stanislav Ivanov, International University College, Bulgaria
    Evangelos Christou, University of the Aegean, Greece
    Mohammad Reza Noruzi, Islamic Azad University, Kaleibar, Iran, Islamic Republic Of Zaheer Khan Kakar, National University of Modern Languages Islamabad, Pakistan

  • Guide to authors

    These instructions are designed for authors submitting final papers and should be read carefully. If they are not adhered to, it could result in delay in publication and/or in sub-optimal reproduction quality. The abstract should be clear, descriptive and should contain at least 70 and at most 200 words. It should provide a brief introduction to the problem. A statement regarding the methodology should generally follow a brief summary of results. The paper should include results of the presented research. The keywords should have minimum 3 and maximum 5 words which are not contained in the title.
    1.    Introduction
    This author kit is designed to assist authors in preparing their submission. It is an exact representation of the format expected by the editor for the final version of papers. Final submissions not following the required format will be returned to the authors for modification and compliance.
    All scientific papers should be written in English including the abstract and the keywords.
    2.1 General Organization of the Paper
    It is recommended that Scientific Papers have explicit sections for Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Related Work, Problem Statement, Concept and Terms, Solution Approach, Analysis of Results, Conclusions, Future Work, Acknowledgement and References.
    A conclusion section is not required. Although a conclusion may review the main points of the paper, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion. A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extensions.
    2.2 Typing Area
    The paper size is A4 (210 x 297mm), single-column format with a 2.5 cm margins on the top, bottom, left and right.
    The recommended type font is Times New Roman 11pt (on a Macintosh use the font named Times 11pt). Only for tables and figures (illustrations) may you use Helvetica, Universe or other sans-serif fonts. Use Roman as default type and keep italics and/or bold for special text parts.
    Lines are single spaced, justified. Standard paragraph has no space before and 6pt after the paragraph.
    2.3 Writing Style
    Usually you should not use the first person singular (I) in your text, write we instead. As a general recommendation, use the first person sparsely, sometimes it can be replaced by a phrase like: This work presents....
    3. Typographical Style and Layout
    3.1 Title and Abstract
    Centre the title (horizontally) on the page. Leave approx. 1 cm between the title and the names, affiliation and address of authors. Type these information centred. Use for affiliation and address italics.
    Type the abstract at a maximum width of 12 cm. Centre the abstract (horizontally) on the page.
    3.2 Headings
    Number section and subsection headings consecutively in Arabic numbers and type them in bold, respectively italics. Keep headings and subheadings always flushed left. Do not include references to the literature, illustrations and tables in headings and subheadings. Keep one blank line above a section heading and one above a subheading. Put one blank line under a section heading and no blank line under a subheading.  Only if you want to emphasize specific parts of the main text, use italics. Otherwise, use Roman.
    Headings should be capitalized (i.e., nouns, verbs, and all other words except articles, prepositions, and conjunctions should be set with an initial capital) and should, with the exception of the title, be aligned to the left. Words joined by a hyphen ( - ) are subject to a special rule. If the first word can stand alone, the second word should be capitalized.
    3.3  Footnotes
    The superscript numeral used to refer to a footnote appears in the text either directly after the word to be discussed or – in relation to a phrase or a sentence – following the punctuation mark (comma, semicolon, or period). Footnotes should appear at the bottom of the normal text area, with a line of about 5 cm set immediately above them.
    To help your readers, avoid using footnotes altogether and include necessary peripheral observations in the text (within parentheses, if you prefer, as in this sentence). All footnotes must be numbered consecutively (in Arabic numbers) on each page.
    3.4  Citations and References
    Whenever you refer to previously published work, you should set a reference to acknowledge the work you build upon.
    References and citations should follow the Harvard System Convention an APA Citation Style. As example you may consider the citation (Smith & Moore, 2008). Besides that, all references should be cited in the text. No numbers with or without brackets should be used to cite or to list the references.
    In Microsoft Word use the View | Citations menu option to add citations and Document Elements menu option to add references.
    3.5 Tables
    All tables must be numbered consecutively (in Arabic numbers). Table headings should be placed above the table. Leave no blank line between the table and the caption.
    3.6 Equations
    Equations or formulas are sequentially numbered in numeric fashion with the equation number and the title above the equation. Leave no blank line between the equation and the caption.
    In Microsoft Word use the [ Insert | Caption ] menu option to add captions.
    3.7  Figures
    All figures should be centred, except for very small figures (no wider than 7 cm), which may be placed side by side. The fonts inside pictures must be clearly readable. Figures are sequentially numbered in numeric fashion with the table number and the title below the figures.
    Place the caption beneath the picture. Leave no blank line between the picture and the caption.

    Page Numbering and Running Heads

    Do not add any text to the headers (do not set running heads) and footers, not even page numbers, because text will be added electronically.
    Fine tuning

    Do not end a page with a heading or sub-heading. Do not end a page with one or more blank lines, except to avoid ‘widow’ headings and to end your article. Avoid starting a page with an incomplete line. Do not underline headings, sub-headings, title, figure captions and table headings. Keep footnotes to a minimum or else list them in a special section before references.
    4. Appendix
    Appendices, if needed, appear before the acknowledgment.
    5. Acknowledgement
    Remember to thank those that have supported you and your work. Use the singular heading even if you have many acknowledgments.

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