Business and Economic Horizons

Business and Economic Horizons BEH is peer-reviewed international research journal. BEH covers broad spectrum of issues related with business and economics at all levels of aggregation; encourages subjects meeting responses and challengers of market development at local, national and global dimensions. The primary version of the journal is the on-line version. ISSN 1804-5006 Call for papers Journal metadata

Volume articles
Creative Commons License

ICOBM - 2017

The 2nd International Conference on Business Management conference is organized by the American Academic Research Society (AARESOC) and will take place at Cratos Premium Hotel & Resort, Cyprus between 15-16 November, 2017. For details, please go to

Call for Editorial Board Members

The publishers would like to invite you to submit your application to join the Editorial Board of the journal as an Editorial Advisory Board (AB) member. Please send your interests to or Publishers: Prague Development Center Innovation and Technology Management Academy
  • Publisher

    Prague Development Center

    Prague Development Center is member of the Society for Editors and Proofreaders and CrossRef.
    Innovation and Technology Management Academy 

    Digital preservation

    Prague Development Center as a research publisher explores and market digital preservation approaches and strategies to enhance the trust of academia and social community to e-content of the publisher’s journals. Further extending participation in indexing and archiving agencies remains today central way in providing digital preservation of research journals’ content. In midterm strategy is planned to affiliate to Portico service as recent innovative initiative. Providing access to established electronic libraries is considered as the most attractive way to ensure the issue of preservation. Publisher believes that there are other growing opportunities on the market opening alternative ways to provide digital preservation. 

  • Aims and scope

    Business and Economic Horizons (BEH) aim is to bridge the gap between the theory and the observed data in the area of business, finance and economics.

    BEH Editorial Board welcome the high quality papers that verify the well-grounded and the emerging theories by employing the econometric or statistical methods but also the articles utilizing the non-mainstream approaches such as experimental  and institutional analysis. Therefore, the submissions in any field of micro- and macroeconomics, business ethics, economic policy or finance is appropriate for this journal. We hope, the provided contributions will help to understand the contemporary challenges faced by the private and public sector and will establish an international forum of empirical research.

  • Profile

    BEH belongs to those research periodicals that stick to open access model. BEH is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access. This model provides greater reach of interested readers to the published articles.

    In the beginning all volumes appear first as a list with titles of the papers. The names of the authors are hidden to preserve the anonymity during the peer-review process. At this stage the articles can have relevant abstracts and keywords, but not a pdf documents in a final version. In this phase, papers were only selected selected and are pending for review and other editorial procedures. Articles in pdf are available for download only after final updating - when they already passed the whole editorial process and are agreed with the authors. When this process end, the link becomes active and pdf available for download.

    Important note for authors: Until the volume 10 (issue 4), the journals was published equally in electronic and hard print format. Since that volume the main publication format is electronic/online.

  • Indexing

    The journal is indexed/registered/covered by the following services:

    Academic Journals Database, AgEcon Search, BASE, Bazekon, CEEOL, CEJSH, EBSCO Discovery ServiceERIH PLUSE-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium (E-ISRJC), Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek EZB (Regensburg University Library), EconBiz, e-LIBRARY.RU, DOAJ, Gale, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Libsearch, Open J-Gate, RePEc, ResearchGate, Scopus, Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory, VSL Open, Sherpa/ROMEO, The German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB) ‒ Leibniz Information Centre for Science and Technology and University Library, Scilit, Open Access Library (OALib), ResearchBib.

    We continue to work on indexation issue to provide international exposure of research papers published in our journals. We believe that indexation makes all articles well accessible and increases their potential impact on knowledge markets.

  • Impact

    Here you can find some information about the journal performance metrics: 

    Cited in Google Scholar 

    h-index 9
    i10-index 7  

    Index Copernicus Value

    ICV 2015: 87.75. Index Copernicus Value (ICV) is a respected measure used to rate scientific journals. 

    Secondary Composite Index Broadcasting 

    ICDS = 3.9
    The ICDS (Secondary Composite Index Broadcasting) is an indicator that shows the visibility of the journal in different scientific databases of international scope, or failing in repertoires evaluation of periodicals. 

    CitEc metrics

    Citations in Economics uses CiteSeer and ParsCit algorithms in the process of identification and parsing of references. It is a service sponsored by INOMICS. Data created by Citations in Economics is not intended for direct user access. Instead, it is made available to RePEc services so that they may improve their added value to the research community.

  • Call for reviewers

    Call for reviewers

    High quality peer-review process is necessary for establishing the reputation of every scientific journal. Due to the increasing number of submissions BEH Editorial Board announces call for reviewers. We are looking for academic professionals specializing in various economic and finance areas. Therefore, if you would like to share your professional opinion and have an impact on BEH development please fill in the survey and send it to


    - Possess a doctoral degree in economics/finance or related discipline;
    - Be fluent in academic English;
    - Hold an academic affiliation;
    - Work effectively under tight deadlines.

    What do we offer?

    Reviewing is voluntary. However, reviewers’ names will be published on the BEH website and listed once a year in a printed volume. Additionally, we offer 50% discount for the reviewers' submissions to BEH.

  • Reviewers


    Emrah Acar
    Istanbul Technical University, Turkey

    O. N. Arunkumar
    Sree Narayana Gurukulam College of Engineering, India

    Khalid El Badraoui
    Université Ibn Zohr - École Nationale de Commerce et de Gestion, Maroco

    Aram R. Balagyozyan
    The University of Scranton, US

    Korbinian von Blanckenburg
    University of Münster, Germany

    Ghassen Bouslama
    Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, France

    Krystyna Brzozowska
    University of Szczecin, Poland

    Katarzyna Byrka-Kita
    University of Szczecin, Poland

    Ljerka Cerović
    University of Rijeka, Croatia

    José Fernández
    University of Seville, Spain

    Ana Grdović Gnip
    Juraj Dobrila University of Pula, Croatia

    SzeKee Koh
    Singapore Institute of Technology, Singapore

    Hai Long
    Edith Cowan University School of Business, Australia

    Jakub Marszałek
    University of Łódź, Poland

    Laura Raisa Milos
    University "Eftimie Murgu" of Reșița, Romania

    Francesc Miralles
    La Salle Campus Barcelona, Spain

    Rajmund Mirdala
    Technical University Košice, Slovakia

    Luis Muga
    Public University of Navarra , Spain

    Ladislav Mura
    University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava, Slovakia

    Garoui Nassreddine
    University of Kairouan,Tunisia

    Nurlan Nureiit
    Kazakh-British Technical University, Kazakhstan

    Anusree Paul
    Symbiosis School of Economics, India

    T. Radha Ramanan
    National Institute of Technology Calicut, India

    Wenjuan Ruan
    University of Wollongong, Australia

    Muhammad Abdus Salam
    State Bank of Pakistan, Pakistan

    Susana Correia Santos
    ISCTE – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Portugal

    Tomasz Słoński
    Wrocław University of Economics, Poland

    Helen Short
    Leeds University Business School, UK

    Ekrem Tufan
    Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University (COMU), Turkey

    Che Tsung Tung
    Takming University of Science and Technology, Taiwan

    Elena Urquía
    Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain

    Lei Xu
    University of South Australia Business School, Australia

    Danuta Zawadzka
    Koszalin University of Technology, Poland


    Hakan Acaroglu
    Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Turkey

    Krystyna Brzozowska
    Szczecin University, Poland

    Mihaela Göndör
    “Petru Maior” University of Tirgu Mures, Romania

    Ganna Kharlamova
    Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine

    Hai Long
    Edith Cowan University, Australia

    Sebastian Majewski
    Szczecin University, Poland

    Edyta Marcinkiewicz
    Lodz University of Technology, Poland

    Jakub Marszałek
    University of Lodz, Poland

    Justin Nelson Michael
    Kristu Jayanti College, India

    Radosław Pastusiak
    University of Lodz, Poland

    Andrew Phiri
    North West University, South Africa

    Abdul Rashid
    International Institute of Islamic Economics, Pakistan

    Adnan Riaz
    Allama Iqbal Open University, Pakistan

    Jerzy Różański
    University of Lodz, Poland

    Komsan Suriya
    Chiang Mai University, Thailand

    Karol Fjałkowski
    Wroclaw University of Economics, Poland

    Munazer Hussain
    Kohinoor Group of Companies, Lahore, Pakistan

    Muhammad Ishtiaq Ishaq
    Global Institute Lahore, Pakistan

    Ganna Kharlamova
    Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine

    Hai Long
    Edith Cowan University, Australia

    Edyta Marcinkiewicz
    Lodz University of Technology, Poland

    Jakub Marszałek
    University of Lodz, Poland

    Mihaela Simionescu (Bratu)
    Bucharest University of Economics, Romania

  • Downloads
  • Editors

    Publishing Editor  

    Prague Development Center, Czech Republic

    Editorial Board:

    Chief Editor 

    Orifjan Namozov, Innovation and Technology Management Academy (ITMA), Czech Republic

    Section Editors 

    Karol Fjałkowski, Business Ethics, Institutional Economics. Wroclaw University of Economics; Poland

    Yasuo Hoshino, Quantitative Analysis of Corporate Mergers, Behavioral Analysis of International Joint Ventures. 

    Aichi University, University of Tsukuba; Japan

    Rafał Jakubowski, Micro- and Macroeconomics, Experimental Economics. Wroclaw University of Economics; Poland

    Paweł Kuśmierczyk, Mathematical Economics, Auction Theory. Wroclaw University of Economics; Poland

    Maureen Maloney, Pension Economics. National University of Ireland, Galawey (NUIG); Ireland

    Daniel Papla, Econometrics, Statistics. Wroclaw University of Economics; Poland

    Tomasz Słoński, Corporate Finance, Financial Analysis, Financial Markets. Wroclaw University of Economics; Poland

    Komsan Suriya, Managerial Economics, Industrial Organization, Digital Economy. Chiang Mai University; Thailand

    Min-Teh Yu, Financial Institutions, Risk Management and Insurance, Derivatives Markets. National Chiao Tung University; Taiwan

    Statistical Editor

    Nargiza Alimekhamedova, CERGE-EI, Czech Republic

    Editorial Secretary 

    Khanifa Rasulova, CERGE-EI, Czech Republic

    Advisory Council

    Josef Abrham, Centre of European Studies, University of Economics, Prague; Czech Republic

    Oscar Bajo-Rubio, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha; Spain

    Filip Chybalski, Lodz University of Technology; Poland

    Jurgen Conrad, Asian Development Bank; People's Republic of China

    Carmen Díaz-Roldán, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha; Spain

    Ryokichi Hirono, Seikei University; Japan

    Khaled Hussainey, Portsmouth University; United Kingdom

    Mario B. Lamberte, COMPETE, The Asia Foundation; Philippines

    Pacha Malyadri, Osmania  University, Andhra Pradesh; India 

    Petr Marek, University of Economics, Prague; Czech Republic

    Haitham Nobanee, College of Business Administration, Abu Dhabi University; U.A.E.

    Maria Piotrowska, Wrocław University of Economics; Poland

    Maia Pisaniuc, Academy of Economis Studies; Moldova

    Devi Tewari, School of Economics and Finance, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal (UKZN); South Africa

    Miroslav Tuček, University of Economics, Prague; Czech Republic

  • Guide to authors

    General notes

    • Business and Economic Horizons (BEH) accepts only the papers in English language
    • Article previously published, those under consideration by another journal, and those with a pre-existing copyright may not be submitted. Authors must ensure that at least half of the paper contents or core idea has not been published anywhere else. In other words authors should prove the considerable adjustment made and value added in their submissions.
    • Neither the Editorial Board nor PRADEC pays for unsolicited materials. The Editorial Board reserves the right to minor editorial corrections like abbreviations or changes in titles and sub-titles.
    • Any requests to add or to remove a co-author, to rearrange the co-author names must be sent to BEH by the Corresponding Author before the final acceptance by the Editorial Board.The eventual request must contain the explanation of the request together with the scanned confirmation signed by all of the co-authors. 

    Peer review procedures

    • Corresponding author fills in the Online Submission form.
    • The BEH Editorial Board recognises the phenomena of "ghostwriting" and "guest authorship" as the serious scientific misconduct. Moreover, the eventual financial support of any research institution or other entity to the paper creation needed to be revealed in the article acknowledgments "financial disclosure". Therefore the Corresponding author must fill in and sign the Declaration of contribution (in case there are two authors or more) which should be submitted together with manuscript using the Online Submission formAll detected cases of scientific misconduct will be documented and the appropriate institutions and entities will be notified. 
    • Ghostwriting - a substantial contribution to publication has been made, without revealing author’s participation, or without being mentioned in the acknowledgments enclosed to the paper. Guest authorship (honorary authorship) - the author's contribution is insignificant, despite of declaration.
    • The Editorial Board members make initial screening of the submissions and inform the authors if the papers  are suitable for the journals. After this initial acceptance the reviewing process starts.
    • All of the contributions of the BEH are subject to a double-blind per-review, which means that  neither the author(s) nor the reviewers know the identity of the other. The list of reviewers is published on the BEH website once a year, without assigning the reviewers names to a particular article.
    • Every submitted paper is reviewed by at least two independent reviewers (outside of the authors' affiliated entity. Additionally, at least one of the reviewers is affiliated with a foreign institution relative to the nationality of the author(s). The reviews are in written form and contain a clear referees' statements concerning paper's publishing approval or its rejection
    • In case of minor revisions the article is send to the author(s) together with a referees opinions. The authors are asked to respond the referees comments and make the appropriate adjustments in the text. Then, the authors send back the corrected version. 
    • The Editorial Board makes the final decision on publication.
    To sum up:
    • Step 1: Submission of one or two files using the Online Submission: a typescript and the Declaration of Contribution (if relevant).
    • Step 2: The initial screening by the Editorial Board.
    • Step 3: The double-blind review by at least two independent referees.
    • Step 4: The response to the reviews and eventual article corrections made by author(s)
    • Step 5: The final decision of Editorial Board

    Sample article

    • Please read the following guidelines  and use the sample article format for submission of your paper since only articles formatted accordingly may be accepted.


    • Articles must be written in English.


    • Concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations.

    Author names and affiliations

    • Full names should be provided. Please indicate  affiliations of the author. Indicate  the authors' affiliation addresses below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the Author's name and in front of the appropriate address.


    • Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.


    • A concise abstract should briefly state the purpose of the research and the main results. An abstract must be presented in English and separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone.

    Classification codes and keywords

    • Provide at least one standard JEL code  and up to 5 additional keywords.


    • Graphics should be done in MS Word and must be editable.


    • Tables should be numbered consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals and printed on separate sheets. Any manuscript which does not conform to the above instructions may be returned for the necessary revision before publication.


    • The use of footnotes should be kept to a minimum and numbered consecutively throughout the text with superscript Arabic numerals.
    • Please refer to APA 6th citation style. While preparing your submission in MS Word we also strongly encourage to use the Citations & Bibliography tools. Link 1   Link 2
    • The following websites may be also usefull while preparing the APA 6th style references:,
    The example references
    Article from journals:
    • Abdellaoui, M., Attema, A. E., & Bleichrodt, H. (2009). Intertemporal Tradeoffs for Gains and Losses: An Experimental Measurement of Discounted Utility. The Economic Journal,120(545), 845-866. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0297.2009.02308.
    • Elton, E. J., Gruber, M. J., Brown, S. J., & Goetzmann, W. N. (2009). Modern Portfolio Theory and Investment Analysis (8th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Book chapter:
    • Chłoń-Domińczak, A., Franco, D., & Palmer, E. (2012). The First Wave of NDC Reforms: The Experiences of Italy, Latvia, Poland,and Sweden. In R. Holzmann, E. Palmer, & D. Robalino, Nonfinancial Defined Contribution Pension Schemes in a Changing Pension World: Volume 1. Progress, Lessons, and Implementation (pp. 31-84). Washington, DC: World Bank.
    Conference paper:
    • Bickmann, M. (2016). Factor Mobility and Non-Harmonized Public Pension Systems in Europe. Paper presented in 14th International Workshop on Pensions, Insurance and Savings, Paris.
    • Fernandes, J. L. (2007). Risk Taking in Financial Markets: Behavioral Perspective Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Retrieved March 25, 2017, from
    • Markoff, J. (2016, May 17). Want to Buy a Self-Driving Car? Big-Rig Trucks May Come First. The New York Times. Retrieved March 25, 2017, from Day&module=RelatedCoverage®ion=EndOfArticle&pgtype=article
    • Galouchko, K., & Kucukreisoglu, L. (2016, October 18). Poland Seeks to Lock in Low Yields Selling 30-Year Eurobond. Retrieved March 25, 2017, from
    Working paper:
    • Debowicz, D., Saporiti, A., & Wang, Y. (2016). Redistributive Politics, Power Sharing and Fairness (LIS Working Paper Series , Working paper No. 681). Luxembourg Income Study
    Submission fee payment
    • Standard submission & service fee structure is 160 Euro (plus VAT, when applicable).
    • The fee is due to pay only after accepting the paper by Editorial Boards and positive expertise review.
    • The fee provides compensation of a range services related with expertise, scientific and technical editing, online printing, electronic storing and web-managing. All papers are printed online (with corresponding online ISSN).

    Payments options

    • You will receive an invoice with several payment methods you can choose after letter of acceptance.


    • Payments  must be done only after final letter of acceptance of a paper to publication.

    Electronic submission

    • Papers must be submitted electronically using Online Submission (preferred) or to the emails: For any further information please contact us.

  • Publication ethics

    Publication ethics

    Editors of Business and Economic Horizons (BEH) are committed to the highest standards of ethics in academic research and publishing. Ethical conduct in both writing and editing is necessary in order to provide the readers with accurate, useful and reliable scientific material, as well as to appropriately honor the credits of particular researchers and authors. Therefore, compliance with the following standards of publication ethics is required of all contributors of BEH, including authors, reviewers and editors. Violation of any of these standards by an author is a basis for rejection of his or her paper submitted for publication.

    I.  Authorship and Co-authorship

    1. Authorship

    Authorship credit should be based on meeting the following criteria: 1) substantial contribution to paper concept or design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or reviewing and introducing fundamental changes in it; 3) final approval of the version to be published.

    All persons designated as authors and co-authors should meet these criteria. As co-authors of a paper there should be identified all persons who have made significant scientific contributions to the work reported, and who therefore share responsibility its content and results. Authors should also appropriately recognize the contributions of technical staff and data professionals. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship (e.g. financial support) should be listed in the section “Acknowledgements” (financial disclosure). Editors retain the right to request information about the contributions of each person in writing the article. 

    Authors should also be aware that the following phenomena are the examples of scientific misconduct and must be avoided:

    Ghostwriting -  a substantial contribution to publication has been made, without revealing author’s participation, or without being mentioned in the acknowledgments enclosed to the paper.

    Guest authorship (honorary authorship) - the author's contribution is insignificant, despite of declaration.

    A group of co-authors should jointly make the decision about the order in which their names are given. During manuscript submission, the submitting author must provide contact information (full name, email address, institutional affiliation and mailing address) for all of the co-authors. The author who submits the manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of notifying all co-authors of the manuscript being submitted. Corresponding author must fill in and sign the Declaration of Contribution (in case there are two authors or more), which should be submitted together with the manuscript. 

    All detected cases of scientific misconduct  will be documented and the appropriate institutions and entities will be notified.

    2. Sources of data and ideas

    Authors are required to faithfully acknowledge and identify contributions of other persons to their reported work as well as clearly identify sources of both data and ideas. Authors should cite all publications that have been important in development of the submitted study and that will guide the reader to the earlier researchers that are essential for understanding the present analysis.

    Authors are required to make reasonable and diligent efforts to find, and then accurately cite, original sources and publications. Authors should only present as reliable either personally verified or peer-reviewed sources of scientific data and literature.

    Authors must not engage in plagiarism or self-plagiarism. Plagiarism is verbatim or near-verbatim copying, or paraphrasing without due modification, of text, data, or other material containing results of another person’s work, without explicit identification of the source of such material. Similarly, self-plagiarism is replicating of the author’s own previously published text or results without acknowledgement of the source. Exercising care for publishing only original research, editors of BEH are committed to deterring plagiarism and self-plagiarism and may use special software to screen submitted manuscripts for similarity to previously published material. The manuscripts may be screened during the whole editorial cycle, including submission process and until the final publication in online form.

    3. Duplicate publications

    It is prohibited for an author to submit manuscripts describing essentially the same research to more than one journal of primary publication, unless it is a resubmission of a manuscript rejected for or withdrawn from publication.

    II. Quality of Published Work

    1. Comprehensiveness of research and publications

    An author is required organize his or her paper so that it provides a well-rounded description of the examined issue.
    Fragmentation of research reports excessively consumes journal space and unduly complicates literature research, therefore authors are expected to avoid it whenever possible.

    2. Conflicts of interest

    Conflict of interest is a situation in which the process of research and publication may be corrupted or its results may be biased because of some other interests of its participants. It may concern any one or more of the participants of research and publication process – the author, the reviewer, or the editor. Conflicts of interest may occur for financial (e.g. employment opportunities, fees or other compensation arrangements, beneficial ownership of stock) or other reasons (e.g., personal relationships, pursuit of academic career, intellectual passion, political involvement etc.) that can reasonably be expected to influence motivations or results of actions of participants of the publication process.

    Conflicts of interest constitute a serious threat to the integrity and objectivity of both scientific research and publishing. Therefore best practice for authors, reviewers and editors alike, is to avoid conflicts of interest situations whenever possible.

    All participants in publication process who are in the situation of a conflict of interest, must disclose this fact. Of special importance is that if the original research study reported in the manuscript or the preparation of the manuscript was supported by one or more grants, the title and number of the grant(s) and the name of the institution(s) that provided the grants or financial support to conduct, analyze or write-up the study, must be specified in the manuscript.

    Editors of BEH may use information disclosed in conflict-of-interest and financial-support statements as a basis for editorial decisions. The corresponding author must either notify the editor at the time of submission that there is no conflict of interest to declare, or fairly and effectively communicate all conflicts of interest, which will then be acknowledged in the published article.

    III. Reviewing and Editing

    1. Reviewing

    Business and Economic Horizons is a peer-reviewed journal. Submitted papers and short communication are evaluated by independent referees or Editorial Board members specialized in the article field. Paper reviews evaluate submitted material’s scientific significance and novelty, define it’s accordance to general journal profile, scrutinize its content for compliance with the journal’s publication ethics. After the refereeing process is complete, the paper may be rejected, returned to the author for revisions, or accepted for publication. 

    2. Editing

    The authors are responsible for the contents of their paper or short communication. Editors may request an author, when considered necessary, to elaborate on the content or technical details of the paper. Scientific editing might change format and correct the writing to render it compliant with editorial policy of the journal. 
    Pictures and graphs are special subject to editorial consideration, as their quantity should be optimal and only necessary in the content of papers. Pictures, graphs and textual content alike are subject to ethical standards concerning authorship and integrity. Additionally, whenever images are included in accounts of research process or results, or in data collections, the author must provide an accurate description of how the images originated.

  • Online Submission
  • Contact

    Main office address

    Editorial and publishing department
    Prague Development Center s.r.o. 
    Pod Krejcárkem 975/2
    130 00 Praha 3 - Zizkov
    Czech Republic
    Zapsána v obchodním rejstříku, 
    vedeným Městským soudem v Praze oddíl C, 
    vložka 156803


    For communication related to submission of a paper please use: or
    You can use direct online contact form below

  • Terms and conditions

    • All rules and requirements relevant to the chosen type of submission are read and understood. Sending submission means accepting by the author/submitter all responsibility related with editorial and publishing conditions.
    • The primary version of the journal is the on-line version. Therefore, we do not send a printed copy to author(s) of the published article. Publisher does not make profits via subscription or sales of print copies. Publisher offers the full content for free access to the public and without restrictions. 
    • Submission technical requirement are read and accepted in designing and preparing the research paper
    • Authors are responsible to read and accept fee payment obligations of the targeted journal. The website has clear information about publication fees and payment terms. When paper accepted and published the author is obliged to fulfill his/her  fee payment obligations in the shortest time after the invoice issued.
    • Please note that scientific editing might change format and correct the writing to make it conventional with editorial policy.
    • Responsibility for facts and opinions presented in the contents of journals, electronic and/or printed rests exclusively with the authors, other submitters if there is relevance. Their interpretations do not necessarily reflect the views of publisher or editors, affiliated or partnering with journals and with authors institutions.
    • F.A.Q. must be visited if there is additional reason in clarifying editorial policy. The editors can contact editors via email when it is accepted
    • Neither the publisher nor the editors can be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this journal.
    • Rejected manuscripts will not be returned to the author.
    • The submitted article after evaluation can be published in elaborating/projecting online issues which differ ahead/or back from the submission date up to 3 consequent issues or 6 months interval. 
    • The version of an article which is published online is considered the final and complete version. Even though it is possible to correct this version, our policy (in common with other publishers) is not to do so, except in very limited circumstances. When author wishes to update the published paper it can be possible within 4 weeks after publication. 
    • Article after the publication is not subject to removal, except for the sole discretion of the publisher. When editors screen, review and publish the article online or/end in print  the article cannot be withdrawn until the decision of editors and publisher. The published articles go immediately to indexing archives and DOI depositories. 
    • Full rights for the removal of the publication of the article remain to the publisher. Retraction or removal of published article can arise in very rear and exceptional circumstances. Usually it takes long time to make deeper analysis, examination of reasons and negotiations.
    • After receiving of the article editors and publisher usually publish immediately online the metadata. After screening and reviewing the full article can be published. The time length between submission and publication of metadata and full article can be different and make hours, days or months. All this process is usually related to merits, quality of the paper, internal editorial processes, other factors. When necessary, the editors can issue proof  of acceptance to the applied author.
    • Author is responsible for avoiding multiple submissions of the same article to other journals. PRADEC editors can charge authors for additional fees when it will be found that similar article was published in parallel. We can contact and inform the relevant journals about multiple practice of the author. When there is  signs and suspicions about duplicate submission behaviour of the authors the publisher monitors periodically online during 12 weeks.
    • Website content, information, or terms and conditions may revised without formal notice. We cannot guarantee that this website will be updated on a regular basis or otherwise provide the most current or accurate information that may be available.
    • No part of the material protected by this copyright notice may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the copyright owner.

  • F.A.Q.

    How can I download a pdf file when pdf link on your site is inactive?

    In the beginning all volumes appear first as a list with names of articles and authors. At this stage the articles can have relevant abstracts and keywords, but not a pdf documents in a final version. In this phase, papers were only selected selected and are pending for review and other editorial procedures. Articles in pdf are available for download only after final updating - when they already passed the whole editorial process and are agreed with the authors. When this process end, the link becomes active and pdf available for download.

    How I can find the requirements and deadline for paper submissions?

    On main page you need to click on respective Call-for-paper link and the pdf will be downloaded. Please also check the page “Paper submission”.

    In what format should be the paper submitted to journal?

    Please use the sample article format for submission of your paper since only articles formatted accordingly may be accepted.

    How long should the article be?

    The length of a paper varies from 10 pages to 30 pages. Specific length details can be found in pdf Call-for-papers that are easily downloadable from homepage.

    Is it possible to access published articles?

    You can easily download from our website the pdf version of published articles.

    Do you charge readers to access to publications?

    We do not charge any fees for access of readers to our journals and articles as we follow open access publication model.

    Do you charge authors for publications?

    We charge authors at optimal cost and in differentiated structure counting for costs necessary for expertise, reviews, editing, web-related services, promoting indexing and other related services. Please find more details in “Paper Submission”. Additional cost might be required to cover postal delivery and additional copies of printed journals.

    Authors submitting their articles accept responsibility for making the necessary fee payment arrangements. We may request, in case of need, the formal institutional letter when charges are to be paid by institution.

    When the author should pay the respective fee for publication?

    Payments must be done only after final letter of acceptance of a paper to publication. You will receive an invoice with several payment methods you can choose from the letter of acceptance.

    Do you send author(s) a hard copy of printed journal?

    The primary version of the journal is the on-line version. Therefore, we do not send a printed copy to author(s) of the published article. Publisher does not make profits via subscription or sales of print copies. Publisher offers the full content for free access to the public and without restrictions. 

    Are your journals peer-reviewed?

    PRADEC offers peer-reviewed research research journals and periodicals. Peer-reviewed journals represent conservative and conventional academic approaches in research publishing. They assume that paper must undergo scrutiny by anonymous or independent experts.

    Send us your article, we quickly review it if we think that we may send it to our reviewers, we may send it back with comments. If you accept those comments, we then send the article to reviewers and that is the moment you are required to pay the fee for publication in reviewed journal.

    What type of articles do you accept for publications?

    We publish mainly research works which are descriptions of original research findings. Review articles which discus and generalize findings of research works are also accepted. We do not publish book reviews.

    Are your journals registered with ISSN? 

    All our journals are entitled by respective ISSN codes. In case a journal has both ISSN and E-ISSN, it is published both in online and print. 

    Can I put charts in article and what are requirements to their format?

    Pictures and graphs are special subject to editorial consideration. We seek to keep their quantity optimal and only necessary in content. We kindly ask authors to provide us with black-and-white and editable (technically –to make necessary adjustments regarding formatting) charts, also black-and white schemes or photos.

    If submitted paper, how it can be withdrawn by an author from editorial cycle and online printing?

    Authors submitted their papers can withdraw their submissions within 2 subsequent calendar weeks. In case authors wish to withdraw paper her/his submission, they should notify in formal way with explaining reason to Requests on submission withdrawal after 2 weeks until the online printing of a corresponding paper will cost to the applicant a withdrawal fee in sum of 50 Euro. Any withdrawal letter after online printing of article is not acceptable.

    DOI link does not work or it has a wrong content

    DOI numbers assigned to a fully published online article (html and pdf) can have small time delay in DOI register. Please be patient if the DOI link does not find the requested/expected content in DOI register. Empty or wrong DOI links could happen during the DOI depositing and management process. You can contact us if at least one month passed after the online publication of an article.  

    Online html and/or text content of article has errors

    Only author(s) may inform us about errors in article. We ask our authors to explain clearly what a deviance and/or nonconformity has place comparing to the originally submitted article. Please be patient, editors will respond you in the quickest possible time.

Search in articles
Journal Published articles
BEH 265
Journal Hits
BEH 502491
Journal Downloads
BEH 15858
Total users online -