Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business

  • Publisher

    Prague Development Center

    Prague Development Center
    Innovation and Technology Management Academy 

    Digital preservation

    Prague Development Center as a research publisher explores and market digital preservation approaches and strategies to enhance the trust of academia and social community to e-content of the publisher’s journals. Further extending participation in indexing and archiving agencies remains today central way in providing digital preservation of research journals’ content. In midterm strategy is planned to affiliate to Portico service as recent innovative initiative. Providing access to established electronic libraries is considered as the most attractive way to ensure the issue of preservation. Publisher believes that there are other growing opportunities on the market opening alternative ways to provide digital preservation.  

  • Aims and scope

    Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business (PIEB) is an international, peer-reviewed research journal.

    The journal focuses on interdisciplinary issues which develop in various areas of innovation management. Therefore, the scope of the journal covers but not limited to the innovation-related issues in areas of knowledge management, technology transfer and commercialization, product and business development, innovation and technology management, innovation marketing and policy on macro- and organization levels. 

    Editors accept for reviewing the articles which aim to discover and research the various linkages and relations between innovations and entrepreneurship, values and organizational culture, individual and social values, technology and product development, business management, economic development.   

    The Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business (PIEB) covers, in particular, the following issues in its scope including:

    • Innovations, economic growth, and development. Benefits of innovation to consumers, businesses and the economy as a whole. The contribution of innovations to productivity, economic growth, and sustainable development.
    • Innovations and business management. How organizations and enterprises manage innovation process through influencing strategic partnerships, employee ideation, customer needs and preferences, competitive intelligence, internal sources.
    • Innovations, R&D and product development. Studies focusing on the development of new products, services, technologies, business processes in organization and companies facilitating innovations and innovative efficiency.
    • Innovations, values, and organizational culture. How organizations develop and sustain the proper environment and facilitate the right culture to find innovative ideas and capitalize on them.  Organizational structures and processes to support creativity, leadership and innovation. Interconnecting creative and innovative processes.
    • Innovations, ideation, knowledge management. How to facilitate the development of good ideas, streamline them and establish an effective culture of innovation.
    • Innovations, technology transfer, and commercialization. How technology transfer and commercialization drives innovation processes. 

    PIEB has a specific focus on the concept of development issues both within the globe and regions. We wish to create the environment favorable for communication that produces innovation, opens minds and serves as an exchange of ideas among regions, countries and cultures.

    PIEB publishes original research, case studies, and review papers made by scholars, professionals and experts on innovation concepts, strategies, models, products and processes, tools and techniques, technologies and policies. The journal considers both quantitative and qualitative research designs and methodologies.


  • Profile

    OPEN ACCESS. PIEB belongs to those research periodicals that stick to a gold open access model. The journal follows a funding model that does not charge readers or their institutions for electronic access. In other words, we provide to readers the free online access to read and download scientific articles. This model provides a greater reach of interested readers to the published articles.

    IRREGULAR ISSUES. We try to do our job carefully to provide the best possible quality of the published articles. Therefore, we do prefer irregular online issues. Issues per one year could range from the one issue to four or more.  First priority we give is the quality of submissions. 

    INTERIM and FINAL publications. OPERATIONAL MODEL on the INTERNET. In the beginning, all volumes appear first as a list of names of articles and authors. At this stage, the articles can have relevant abstracts and keywords, but not a pdf documents in a final version. In this phase, papers were only selected and are pending for review and other editorial procedures. Articles in pdf are available for download only after final updating - when they already passed the whole editorial process and are agreed with the authors. When this process ends, the link becomes active and pdf available for download.

    REVIEW PROCESS. Though we offer the quick review process (2-3 weeks), sometimes it might occur that the evaluation takes longer (2-6 months). First of all, the length of the review process depends on the merits of the submitted article. The journal maintains the double-blind review procedure for all submissions.

    Important note for authors: Until the volume 13th (issue 2), the journal was being published equally in electronic and hard print formats. Since that volume, the main publication format is electronic/online.

  • Indexing



    The journal is indexed/registered/covered by the following services:

    Academic Journals Database, AgEcon Search, BASE, CABICEEOLEBSCO Discovery Service, EBSCO Business Source Elite, EBSCO Business Source Premier, E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium (E-ISRJC), Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek EZB (Regensburg University Library), e-LIBRARY.RU, DOAJ (2010-2016), Gale, Global Health (CABI), Google scholar, LibSearch (Maastricht University), Open J-Gate,  RePEc,  ResearchGate, Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory, VSL Open, JournalSeek, Research Bible, Scirus, Knowledge Network, Academic Publishing Platforms, CiteFactor, Socionet, EconBiz, ERIH PLUSThe German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB) ‒ Leibniz Information Centre for Science and Technology and University Library, Scilit, Open Access Library (OALib), Web of Science Specialist Collection - CAB Abstracts.

    We continue to work on indexation issue to provide international exposure of research papers published in our journals. However, sustaining in listings of top indexes imposes very high demands and special responsibility for the editors. This inevitably increases the time length needed for complex reviewing and analyzing the scientific articles received. We believe that indexation makes all articles well accessible and increases their potential impact on knowledge markets.

  • Impact

    Here you can find some information about the journal performance metrics: 

    Cited in Google Scholar 

    h-index 11
    i10-index 14  

    Index Copernicus Value

    ICV 2015: 77.75. Index Copernicus Value (ICV) is a measure used to rate scientific journals. 

    Secondary Composite Index Broadcasting 

    ICDS = 6
    The ICDS (Secondary Composite Index Broadcasting) is an indicator that shows the visibility of the journal in different scientific databases of international scope, or failing in repertoires evaluation of periodicals. 

    CitEc metrics

    Citations in Economics uses CiteSeer and ParsCit algorithms in the process of identification and parsing of references. It is a service sponsored by INOMICS. Data created by Citations in Economics is not intended for direct user access. Instead, it is made available to RePEc services so that they may improve their added value to the research community.

  • Call for papers


    In 2019 we accept original papers for review to publish in PIEB, Volume 19.

    PDF call can be downloaded here.

    Electronic copies of paper must be sent to

    The journal accepts applications throughout the calendar year. Full online publication of the conditionally accepted articles will take time (from 2/4 weeks up to 12 months after receiving). This process depends on how authors successfully meet all requirements for the content and quality of their articles. 

    ARTICLE TEMPLATE: You can download the 
    article template here


    Our preferable online submission link - PIEB-APP .

    You can also try alternative link - PIEB-PRADEC However, make sure that flash works in your browsers to guarantee delivery of the full articles and related documents as attachments.

    OTHER: We strongly advise you to comply with our article template and follow detailed instruction and guidelines on writing, formatting and online submitting of your research articles. GUIDE LINK 1   GUIDE LINK 2  

  • Call for reviewers

    IMPORTANT: This note can be somehow similar to other few journals of the publisher (Prague Development Center). Therefore, the text may partially or completely coincide with the requirements in other journals - BEH, ATI, and MHSJ. If you are interested in reviewing articles for PRADEC journals, we would like to invite your participation. Manuscript reviewers are vital to the publications process. 

    Call for reviewers

    The high-quality peer-review process is necessary for establishing the reputation of every scientific journal. PIEB Editorial Board announces the call for reviewers. We are looking for academic professionals specializing in various areas of innovation and development such as economics, management, business, science and R&D, innovation management, innovations in education, ICT development, social aspects of innovation. Therefore, if you would like to share your professional opinion and have an impact on PIEB development please fill in the survey and send it to


    - Possess a doctoral degree in economics/finance or related discipline;
    - Be fluent in academic English;
    - Hold an academic affiliation;
    - Work effectively under tight deadlines;
    -To be selected as a reviewer, the candidate should have published articles in peer-reviewed journals. The experience of publishing of research papers facilitates producing a thorough review. The previous peer-reviewing experience is not a must though valuable. 

    What do we offer?

    Reviewing is voluntary. Publisher does not offer paid options to reviewers whilst it implements the gold open-access and affordable fee business model for authors. However, the publisher can offer credits to reviewers depending on their contribution and scale of participation.

  • Downloads
  • Editors


    Chief Editor

    Jan Beseda, Center for Higher Education Studies, Czech Republic

    Deputy Chief Editor

    Frantisek Bostl, University of Finance and Administration, Prague, Czech Republic

    Associate Editors

    Irena Jankovic, Financial markets and instruments, risk management. University of Belgrade, Serbia

    Valerijs Skribans, Macroeconomics, Economic development. Riga Technical University, Latvia

    Assistant Editors

    Gaukhar Usmanova, Prague Development Center, Czech Republic

    Advisory Council

    Radoslava Kraleva, Department of Informatics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, South-West University "Neofit Rilski", Bulgaria

    Alena Buchalcevova, University of Economics in Prague

    Hazel Gruenewald, ESB Business School, Reutlingen University

    Oksana Zamora, Sumy National Agrarian University, Ukraine

    Patrik Just, Western Bohemia University, Prague, Czech Republic

    Muhammad Ishtiaq Ishaq, Global Institute Lahore, Pakistan

    Petr Marek, University of Economics, Prague, Czech Republic

    Petr Mihok, Matej Bel University, Slovakia

    Eva Kasparova, University of Economics in Prague

    Petra Prusova, Managing Director, Millward Brown; Charles University, Czech Republic

    Patrick Obeng-Asiedu, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association; University of Connecticut, U.S.A

    Devi Dat Tewari, School of Economics and Finance, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal (UKZN); South Africa

    Saltanat Tamenova, Turan University, Kazakhstan

    Eshref Trushin, Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom

    Milan Žák, College of Economics and Management VŠEM, Prague, Czech Republic

  • Guide to authors

    Sample article template

    • Please read the following guidelines  and use the sample article format for submission of your paper since only articles formatted accordingly may be accepted. This sample template can help you  avoid mistakes in formatting process of your original article. Do not send us articles in other formats (e.g., pdfs). Improper formatted articles will not be considered for screening and review process. We made this basic template to save your time in reading detailed instruction and guidance.

    Screening, editorial analysis and peer-review procedures

    • All articles submitted to PIEB undergo screening and followed with a peer-reviewing process. 
    • Corresponding author should send the formatted article and necessary attachments through the Online Submission form.
    • The author who submits the manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of notifying all co-authors of the manuscript being submitted. The corresponding author must fill in and sign the Declaration of Contribution (in case there are two authors or more), which should be submitted together with the manuscript. 
    • After initial screening, the titles and abstracts of the articles, which receive a positive evaluation, will be published online. 
    • Every article proceeds double-blind peer-review analysis by editorial and external experts. The submitted paper is reviewed by at least two independent reviewers (outside of the authors' affiliated entity). The reviews are in written form and contain a clear referees' statements concerning paper's publishing approval or its rejection. Reviewers should evaluate the quality of an article based both on established criteria and own views of experts. The reviewer is expected to fill the review form and send to the editorial department.

    Quality control

    • Papers accepted undergo quality control by Editorial board and peer reviewers. All research articles in these journals undergo the peer review process, based on initial editor screening and anonymous expertise of reviewers. Articles previously published, those under consideration by another journal, and those with a pre-existing copyright may not be submitted. The author must ensure that about half of the paper contents or core idea has not been published anywhere else.  In other words, authors should prove the considerable adjustment made and value added in their submissions.


    • Articles must be written in English.


    • The title should use descriptive terms and phrases that accurately highlight the core content of the paper. Title of your paper is the most important determinant of how many people will read it. An effective research paper title provides: condensing the paper’s content in a few words; capturing the readers’ attention; differentiating the paper from other papers of the same subject area. 
    • It is advised to keep the title brief and clear, concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations.
    • Use active verbs instead of complex noun-based phrases, and avoid unnecessary details. 
    • Basically, a good title for a research paper is typically around 10 to 12 words long. A lengthy title may seem unfocused and take the readers’ attention away from an important point.

    Author names and affiliations

    • Full (first and second) names should be provided. Please indicate affiliations of the author. Indicate the authors' affiliation addresses below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the Author's name and in front of the appropriate address.
    • Authors should also write the abbreviated names of all authors (with initials): e.g. Peterson, G. F., Palmer, E. H., Logynov, A. V., etc. Correct surnames and initials are important to cite the published article and indexing the article in databases.


    • Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal/corresponding address. All published articles usually show the full corresponding address of the main author.


    • A concise abstract should briefly state the purpose of the research and the main results. An abstract must be presented in English and separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone.
    • An abstract summarizes one comprehensive paragraph (SHOULD NOT be very short). The abstract covers the major aspects of the entire paper. They include a) the research problem(s) you investigated, a statement of the paper’s main contribution; b) the overall purpose/aim of the study; c) major findings or trends found as a result of your analysis; d) a brief summary of your interpretations and conclusions. 
    • The Abstract should reveal the value the value/contribution of the article.
    • The Abstract  should preferably attract the attention of readers
    • The Abstract should be written in an active rather than passive voice.
    • The abstract SHOULD NOT contain: lengthy background information; references to other literature; using ellipticals [i.e., ending with "..."] or incomplete sentences; abbreviations, jargon, or terms that may be confusing to the reader.
    • Write the abstract after you have finished writing your whole paper. The best approach is to write the abstract after you have completed writing your whole article. Define and pick out key statements from your introduction, methods, results, and discussion sections while compiling your abstract. Edit your abstract carefully to make it cohesive and persuasive. After finishing the Abstract, authors should remove all extra information, check cohesiveness, and then logically connect sentences with each other to ensure that the information flows well. Also, authors need to check once again that there is consistency between the information presented in the abstract and in the paper. One example of sequence order can be the as follows: purpose; basic study design, methodology, and techniques used; major findings; summary of your interpretations, conclusions, and implications.


    • Keywords ensure that your paper is indexed well by databases and search engines, and thus improve the discoverability of your research. Therefore, keywords should be selected after careful consideration. 
    • Use relevant keywords to facilitate correct classification in relevant indexes. The keywords should be words which are highly relevant to your work and found in the text of your abstract. Include 5-10 important words or short phrases central to your research in both the abstract and keywords sections.


    • The Introduction should (could) contain the following points: the clear explanation what problem/issue is taken to study in the paper; the background information delivered to specific points; the clear problem statement; description of the major contribution of the authors to the research of the targeted problem; explaining the organisation (what the authors plan to make in every main section) of the paper in the last paragraph in the Introduction. 
    • The introduction should start straightforward with the issue you research in this paper. Avoid general and abstract sentences. Authors should mention the interesting issue and the related problem statement. Narrow the background information down to specific points. A writer should not include details in the research paper introduction. 
    • Style of writing should be persuasive. Authors should care about reasoning around the issue chosen for the research, about the importance of the issue.
    • Preferably the introduction should not replace the Literature review (as it is a different section). The latter should basically follow after the finishing the Introduction section. 
    • Authors should clearly state what their contribution to the existing research is.  
    • Explain briefly major questions and/or hypotheses. 
    • Mention briefly on methodology how you are approaching (method, model, testing, review, etc.) to the questions. You must make clear whether you are testing a model, evaluating a model, making a review of policy, etc. Authors should indicate to data used in the research.
    • Explain briefly your main results; how the obtained findings differ from previous work and what the implications of these findings are. 

    Writing Style guidelines

    • Figures should be done in MS Word and must be editable.
    • Authors can find useful the selected guidelines regarding the writing style.
    • Well-balanced structure of the article: Build up a good outline (structure) of your article. A sample of the outline can look as follows:
    Introduction: Pose an central question or problem, describe problm statement, explain the organisation of the paper (how the article is organized, composed)
    Literature review: Survey the sufficient literature to discover existing approaches and results on the central questions and problems of your article
    Methods/Data: Formulate your hypothesis and describe your data. Clearly specify data, tools, and models.
    Results: Present your results with the help of graphs and charts
    Discussion: Critique your method and/or discuss any policy implications
    Research limitations: Explain what are the limitations of your study
    Conclusions: Summarize what you have done; pose questions for further research
    References: Verify all references to all used literature sources in the article. Do not put references which do not directly links to your main text in the article.  Carefully check the APA style for in-text citation and for references of different types.Constructive evaluation of results: Don’t exaggerate. In an original research paper, don’t overstate your contribution to the literature. 
    • Scope of literature review: If your article is a review paper, rather than original research, your scope for critiquing the literature is broader. But your critique should be focused and constructive.
    • Clarity: Authors should provide the clarity of all aspects and components of the research paper. Clarity is hard to achieve, but revising and reworking a paper ensures it is easy to read.
    • Logical nexus: In all parts of the article, try to keep the focus on reasoning around your central questions. State your hypothesis and proceed deductively to reach your conclusions
    • Wordiness: Avoid excess verbiage. Omit needless words (concise writing is clear writing). 
    • Syntax: Check the syntax of every sentence to avoid vague, complex and indecipherable meaning. Remove what is not needed, and keep revising until you get down to a simple, efficient way of communicating
    • Active voice preference: Use the active voice, minimize using the passive voice

    Tables and figures

    • Any manuscript which does not conform to the above instructions may be returned for the necessary revision before publication.
    • Tables should be numbered consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals.
    • Clearly and precisely describe your tables and figures. Make clear statements which describe how the results in the table and/or figure fit into the overall theme of the paper and support your hypotheses and reasoning.
    • Please put Figures and Tables on the end of your paper and make a notice in the text between what paragraphs you want the graphics
    • Figures should be done in MS Word and must be editable.
    • Do not copy and pace the figures from digital books, brochures, journals, etc. If you decide to use them, make sure using good imaging tools and soft to provide clear and correct image after placing it to the article.
    • In your submission process attach separately (when you consider it necessary) the images with sufficient resolution. So, editors can use original images for a better quality of the final article.


    • Authors should write all formulas in clear form in tables. 
    • Preferably, write all formulas and mathematical signs, variables and parameters in the text with the help of Math type tool or Formula tool in the Microsoft Word.


    • The use of footnotes should be kept to a minimum and numbered consecutively throughout the text with superscript Arabic numerals.


    • Be very accurate in wring references. Put ONLY references which you are discussing/noting in the MAIN BODY of the article. Every work cited in the text must appear in the references; every work listed in the references must be cited in the text. The references should be in alphabetical order.
    • Please refer to APA 6th edition citation style. While preparing your submission in MS Word we also strongly encourage to use the Citations & Bibliography tools. Link 1   Link 2
    • The following websites may be also useful while preparing the APA 6th style references:,
    • The author should make sure that there is a strict one-to-one correspondence between the names and years in the text and those on the list. The list of references should appear at the end of the main text. It should be double-spaced and listed in alphabetical order by author's name.

    The example references

    Article from journals:
    • Abdellaoui, M., Attema, A. E., & Bleichrodt, H. (2009). Intertemporal Tradeoffs for Gains and Losses: An Experimental Measurement of Discounted Utility. The Economic Journal,120(545), 845-866. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0297.2009.02308.
    • Elton, E. J., Gruber, M. J., Brown, S. J., & Goetzmann, W. N. (2009). Modern Portfolio Theory and Investment Analysis (8th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Book chapter:
    • Chłoń-Domińczak, A., Franco, D., & Palmer, E. (2012). The First Wave of NDC Reforms: The Experiences of Italy, Latvia, Poland,and Sweden. In R. Holzmann, E. Palmer, & D. Robalino, Nonfinancial Defined Contribution Pension Schemes in a Changing Pension World: Volume 1. Progress, Lessons, and Implementation (pp. 31-84). Washington, DC: World Bank.
    Conference paper:
    • Bickmann, M. (2016). Factor Mobility and Non-Harmonized Public Pension Systems in Europe. Paper presented in 14th International Workshop on Pensions, Insurance and Savings, Paris.
    • Fernandes, J. L. (2007). Risk Taking in Financial Markets: Behavioral Perspective Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Retrieved March 25, 2017, from
    • Markoff, J. (2016, May 17). Want to Buy a Self-Driving Car? Big-Rig Trucks May Come First. The New York Times. Retrieved March 25, 2017, from Day&module=RelatedCoverage®ion=EndOfArticle&pgtype=article
    • Galouchko, K., & Kucukreisoglu, L. (2016, October 18). Poland Seeks to Lock in Low Yields Selling 30-Year Eurobond. Retrieved March 25, 2017, from
    Working paper:
    • Debowicz, D., Saporiti, A., & Wang, Y. (2016). Redistributive Politics, Power Sharing and Fairness (LIS Working Paper Series , Working paper No. 681). Luxembourg Income Study.

    Submission fee payment

    • Standard submission & service fee established for the 2019 year gold open-access publications is 150 Euro. 
    • The fee is subject to change considering the publisher occurring costs for sustaining and improving the open-access business model, as well as counting competitive publishing environment demanding to keep the high quality of international publication services. Changes in pricing happen only once per year, the fee is usually revised 1-2 months before the beginning of the new calendar year.
    • The fee is due to pay only after accepting the paper by Editorial Boards and positive expertise review.
    • It is obligation and responsibility of an author to check the fee conditions to avoid the fee policy discussions after acceptance the article. Authors are responsible to read and accept fee (150 euro) payment obligations of the targeted journal. The website has clear information about publication fees and payment terms. When paper accepted and published the author is obliged to fulfill his/ her fee payment obligations in the shortest time after the invoice issued.
    • The fee provides compensation of a range services related with expertise, scientific and technical editing, online printing, electronic storing and web-managing. All papers are printed online (with corresponding online ISSN).
    • The major  version of PIEB publication is online (electronic) with eISSN 1804-0527 
    • The fee is not a subject to guarantee the sending printed copy via standard air mail.  

    Payments options

    • You will receive an invoice with several payment methods you can choose after the letter of acceptance.


    • Payments  must be done only after the final letter of acceptance of a paper to publication.

    Electronic submission

    • Papers must be submitted electronically to or For any further information please contact us.

  • Publication ethics

    IMPORTANT: This section  describes  principles and rules which can be somehow similar and/or common to other few journals of the publisher (Prague Development Center). Therefore, the text may partially or completely coincide with the requirements in other publisher's journals.

    General standards of PRADEC Publishing

    The Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business (PIEB) is established by Prague Development Center (publisher) as academic communication platform founded on important ethical standards in science publishing. Publisher and editorial board follow principles to avoid bad practices related to ghostwriting, plagiarism, and predatory publishing practices. The publisher and editors commit to practices which create and support the trust on every phase of editorial and communication process embracing authors, editors and peer-reviewers.

    To increase transparency we call authors to write correct affiliations and addresses and show the source of funding for their research when it is required by funding institutions. To agree on the authorship and avoid the conflicts we ask for the declaration of contribution from the corresponding author. To avoid extensive self-citation practice we ask authors to use correct and relevant referencing to own research works published earlier.  

    Ethical conduct in both writing and editing is necessary in order to provide the readers with accurate, useful and reliable scientific material, as well as to appropriately honor the credits of particular researchers and authors. Therefore, compliance with the following standards of publication ethics is required of all contributors of the PIEB, including authors, reviewers, and editors. Violation of any of these standards by an author is a basis for rejection of his or her paper submitted for publication.


    In publishing only original research, the editors are committed to deterring plagiarism, including self-plagiarism. Editors can use special software to screen submitted manuscripts for similarity to published material. Note that your manuscript may be screened during the whole editorial cycle, including submission process and until the final publication in online or print form. Authors should not engage in plagiarism - verbatim or near-verbatim copying, or very close paraphrasing, of text or results from another,’s work. Authors should not engage in self-plagiarism (also known as duplicate publication) - unacceptably close replication of the author’s own previously published text or results without acknowledgment of the source.

    Conflict of interests disclosure

    Conflict of interest concerning a particular manuscript exists when one of the participants of reviewing or publication process - an author, reviewer, or editor - has obligations that can influence his or her action. Conflicts can occur for financial (e.g., employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, etc.) or other reasons (e.g., personal relationship, academic competition, and intellectual passion). All participants in the peer-review and publication process must disclose all conflicts of interests. Editorial staff may use information disclosed in conflict-of-interest and financial-interest statements as a basis for editorial decisions. The corresponding author must advise the editor at the time of submission either that there is no conflict of interest to declare, or should disclose potential conflicts of interest that will be acknowledged in the published article.

    It is improper for an author to submit manuscripts describing essentially the same research to more than one journal of primary publication unless it is a resubmission of a manuscript rejected for or withdrawn from publication. 


    All persons designed as “authors” should meet the criteria of the concept. The corresponding author must fill in and sign the Declaration of Contribution (in case there are two authors or more), which should be submitted together with the manuscript. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take responsibility for its content. The group of authors/contributors should jointly make the decision about the order in which their names are given. Authorship credit should be based on the following principles: 1) substantial contribution to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or reviewing and introducing fundamental changes in it; 3) final approval of the version to be published. Editors of the journal have the right to request information about the contributions of each person in writing the article. 

    An author should cite those publications that have been important in the development of the submitted study and that will guide the reader to the earlier researchers that are essential for understanding the present analysis. 
    An author is obligated to perform a literature search to find, and then cite, the original publications that describe closely related work. An author should provide the accurate citation the verified sources of scientific data and literature. 

    Coauthor notification

    During manuscript submission, the submitting author must provide contact information (full name, email address, institutional affiliation and mailing address) for all of the coauthors. The author who submits the manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of notifying all coauthors that the manuscript is being submitted. The corresponding author must fill in and sign the declaration of contribution (in case there are two authors or more) which should be submitted together with the manuscript. The co-authors of a paper should be all those persons who have made significant scientific contributions to the work reported and who share responsibility and accountability for the results. Authors should appropriately recognize the contributions of technical staff and data professionals.

    Acknowledgments and funding

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the section “Acknowledgements”. If the original research study reported in the manuscript or the preparation of the manuscript was supported by one or more grants, the title and number of the grant(s) and the name of the institution(s) that provided the grants or financial support to conduct, analyze or write-up the study should be specified in the manuscript.

    Coherence of study

    Fragmentation of research reports should be avoided. A scientist should organize publication so that it provides a well-rounded description of an examined issue. Fragmentation consumes journal space excessively and unduly complicates literature searches. 


    The journal is peer-reviewed publication. Submitted papers and short communications are evaluated by editorial board members or specialized in the article field referees. Article review covers submitted material currency, scientific novelty degree, define it’s accordance to general journal profile, fixes facts of plagiarism. After the refereeing process is complete, the paper may be rejected, or returned to the authors for revisions, or accepted for publication.


    The authors are responsible for the contents of their paper or short communication and it’s publication fact. The editorial staff reserves the right to shorten and review the articles submitted. Editors may request an author, when it is necessary, to develop content or technical details of articles. Scientific editing might change the format and correct the writing to make it conventional with the editorial policy of the journal.  Pictures and graphs are special subjects for editorial consideration. We seek to keep their quantity optimal and only necessary in content. Images should be free from misleading manipulation. When images are included in an account of research performed or in the data collection as part of the research, an accurate description of how the images were generated and produced should be provided.

  • Retraction policy

    IMPORTANT: This section  describes  principles and rules which can be somehow similar and/or common to other few journals of the publisher (Prague Development Center). Therefore, the text may partially or completely coincide with the requirements in other publisher's journals.

    As a publisher, we strive to prevent the occurrence of occasional and limited cases of retraction and withdrawal of the published articles. As the costs of securing retraction and withdrawal are high for the publisher. Effective screening, peer-reviewing, verifying authorship, and other preventive procedures usually help to minimize such rare cases in the publishing practice. Below are the important rules for retraction and withdrawal policies of the PRADEC Publishing. These approaches and rules may be revised, supplemented, amended, etc.

    Article retraction

    The publisher will follow the selected standards which have been developed by a number of library and scholarly bodies. Reasons for retraction can include infringements of ethical codes, multiple submission, false claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent, need to correct errors in submission or publication, other reasons as well. The publisher recognizes the retraction as an occasional feature in the academic publishing.

    The following actions will be made under retraction policy:

    - A retraction note titled “Retraction: [article title]” will be published in the separate article at the end of the related online issue
    - In the HTML version will the record [near the title] which can be e.g. as 'RETRACTED'
    - The PDF version of the retracted article can be preserved with some special note at the beginning of the article
    - The DOI and HTML links will be preserved.

    Article removal and/or withdrawal

    Article after the publication is not subject to removal, except for the sole discretion of the publisher. When editors screen, review and publish the article online or/end in print the article cannot be withdrawn until the decision of editors and publisher. The published articles go immediately to indexing archives and DOI depositories.
    Full rights for the removal of the publication of the article remain to the publisher. Retraction or removal of published article can arise in very rear and exceptional circumstances. Usually, it takes a long time to make a deeper analysis, examination of reasons and negotiations.

  • Online Submission
  • Contact

    Main office address

    Editorial and publishing department
    Prague Development Center s.r.o. 
    Pod Krejcárkem 975/2
    130 00 Praha 3 - Zizkov
    Czech Republic
    Zapsána v obchodním rejstříku, 
    vedeným Městským soudem v Praze oddíl C, 
    vložka 156803


    To submit the paper please use: or
    You can use the online contact form below

  • Terms and conditions

    • All rules and requirements relevant to the chosen type of submission are read and understood. Sending submission means accepted by the author/submitter all responsibility related to editorial and publishing conditions.
    • The primary version of the journal is the online version. Therefore, we do not send a printed copy to the author(s) of the published article. Publisher does not make profits via subscription or sales of print copies. The publisher offers the full content for free access to the public and without restrictions. 
    • Submission technical requirement is read and accepted in designing and preparing the research paper
    • Authors are responsible to read and accept fee payment obligations of the targeted journal. The website has clear information about publication fees and payment terms. When paper accepted and published the author is obliged to fulfill his/her fee payment obligations in the shortest time after the invoice issued.  
    • Please note that scientific editing might change the format and correct the writing to make it conventional with editorial policy.
    • Responsibility for facts and opinions presented in the contents of journals, electronic and/or printed rests exclusively with the authors, other submitters if there is relevance. Their interpretations do not necessarily reflect the views of publisher or editors, affiliated or partnering with journals and with authors institutions.
    • F.A.Q. must be visited if there is the additional reason for clarifying editorial policy. The editors can contact editors via email when it is accepted
    • Neither the publisher nor the editors can be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this journal.
    • Rejected manuscripts will not be returned to the author.
    • The submitted article after evaluation can be published in elaborating/projecting online issues which differ ahead/or back from the submission date up to 3 consequent issues or 12 months interval. Such delayed length in many cases could be related to the remained and unfinished work according to editorial requirements. 
    • When the paper is conditionally accepted and the fee is paid but the final work from the authors remains incomplete and unsatisfactory for reviewers, the publication is delayed until the final resolution. The process can take a time around 1-12 months. In case authors fail, due to various reasons, to match all the requirements of reviewers and editors, the article is rejected. The paid fee is not refundable to the authors.
    • The version of an article which is published online is considered the final and complete version. Even though it is possible to correct this version, our policy (in common with other publishers) is not to do so, except in very limited circumstances. When the author wishes to update the published paper it can be possible within 4 weeks after publication. 
    • Article after the publication is not subject to removal, except for the sole discretion of the publisher. When editors screen, review and publish the article online or/end in print the article cannot be withdrawn until the decision of editors and publisher. The published articles go immediately to indexing archives and DOI depositories. 
    • Full rights for the removal of the publication of the article remain to the publisher. Retraction or removal of published article can arise in very rear and exceptional circumstances. Usually, it takes a long time to make the deeper analysis, examination of reasons and negotiations.
    • After receiving of the article editors and publisher usually publish immediately online the metadata. After screening and reviewing the full article can be published. The time length between submission and publication of metadata and the full article can be different and make hours, days or months. All this process is usually related to merits, quality of the paper, internal editorial processes, other factors. When necessary, the editors can issue proof of acceptance to the applied author.
    • The author is responsible for avoiding multiple submissions of the same article to other journals. PRADEC editors can charge authors for additional fees when it will be found that similar article was published in parallel. We can contact and inform the relevant journals about multiple practices of the author. When there are signs and suspicions about duplicate submission behavior of the authors the publisher monitors periodically online during 12 weeks.
    • Website content, information, or terms and conditions may be revised without formal notice. We cannot guarantee that this website will be updated on a regular basis or otherwise provide the most current or accurate information that may be available.
    • No part of the material protected by this copyright notice may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the copyright owner.

  • F.A.Q.

    How can I download a pdf file when pdf link on your site is inactive?

    In the beginning, all volumes appear first as a list with the titles of articles and authors. At this stage, the articles can have relevant abstracts and keywords, but not a pdf documents in a final version. In this phase, papers were only selected and are pending for review and other editorial procedures. Articles in pdf are available for download only after final updating - when they already passed the whole editorial process and are agreed with the authors. When this process end, the link becomes active and pdf available for download.

    How can I find the requirements and deadline for paper submissions?

    On the main page, you need to click on respective Call-for-paper link and the pdf will be downloaded. Please also check the page “Paper submission”.

    In what format should be the paper submitted to the journal?

    Please use the sample article format for submission of your paper since only articles formatted accordingly may be accepted.

    How long should the article be?

    The length of a paper varies from 10 pages to 40 pages. Specific length details can be found in pdf Call-for-papers that are easily downloadable from the homepage of the targeted journal.

    Is it possible to access published articles?

    You can easily download from our website the pdf version of published articles.

    Do you charge readers to access to publications?

    We do not charge any fees for access of readers to our journals and articles as we follow open access publication model.

    Do you charge authors for publications?

    We charge authors at optimal cost and in differentiated structure counting for costs necessary for expertise, reviews, editing, web-related services, promoting indexing and other related services. Please find more details in “Paper Submission”. Additional cost might be required to cover postal delivery and additional copies of printed journals.

    Authors submitting their articles accept responsibility for making the necessary fee payment arrangements. We may request, in case of need, the formal institutional letter when charges are to be paid by the institution.

    When should the author pay the respective fee for publication?

    Payments must be done only after the final letter of acceptance of a paper for publication. You will receive an invoice with several payment methods you can choose from the letter of acceptance.

    Do you send author(s) a hard copy of printed journal?

    The primary version of the journal is the online version. Therefore, we do not send a printed copy to the author(s) of the published article. Publisher does not make profits via subscription or sales of print copies. The publisher offers the full content for free access to the public and without restrictions. 

    Are your journals peer-reviewed?

    PRADEC offers peer-reviewed research journals and periodicals. Peer-reviewed journals represent conservative and conventional academic approaches in research publishing. They assume that paper must undergo scrutiny by anonymous or independent experts.

    Send us your article, we quickly review it if we think that we may send it to our reviewers, we may send it back with comments. If you accept those comments, we then send the article to reviewers and that is the moment you are required to pay the fee for publication in the reviewed journal.

    What type of articles do you accept for publications?

    We publish mainly research works which are descriptions of original research findings. Review articles which discuss and generalize findings of research works are also accepted. We do not publish book reviews.

    Are your journals registered with ISSN? 

    All our journals are entitled to respective ISSN codes. In case a journal has both ISSN and E-ISSN, it is published both in online and print. 

    Can I put charts in the article and what are requirements for their format?

    Pictures and graphs are special subjects for editorial consideration. We seek to keep their quantity optimal and only necessary in content. We kindly ask authors to provide us with black-and-white and editable (technically –to make necessary adjustments regarding formatting) charts, also black-and-white schemes or photos.

    If submitted paper, how it can be withdrawn by an author from the editorial cycle and online printing?

    Authors submitted their papers can withdraw their submissions within 2 subsequent calendar weeks. In case authors wish to withdraw paper her/his submission, they should notify in a formal way with explaining the reason to Requests on submission withdrawal after 2 weeks until the online printing of a corresponding paper will cost to the applicant a withdrawal fee in the sum of 100 Euro. Any withdrawal letter after online printing of article is not acceptable. The very journal of the publisher can apply own retraction and withdrawal policies, therefore, it is advised to 

    DOI link does not work or it has a wrong content

    DOI numbers assigned to a fully published online article (HTML and pdf) can have the small time delay in DOI register. Please be patient if the DOI link does not find the requested/expected content in DOI register. Empty or wrong DOI links could happen during the DOI depositing and management process. You can contact us if at least one month passed after the online publication of an article.  

    Online HTML and/or text content of the article has errors

    Only author(s) may inform us about errors in the article. We ask our authors to explain clearly what a deviance and/or nonconformity has place comparing to the originally submitted article. Please be patient, editors will respond you in the quickest possible time.

    I am interested to be the reviewer. How to apply?

    The publisher welcomes the interest of motivated scholars wishing to develop their academic experience and background. Every journal should have a call for reviewers on the related webpage. The candidates should read the requirements and conditions before sending their apllication. 

Search in articles
Journal Published articles
PIEB 611
Journal Hits
PIEB 1938304
Journal Downloads
PIEB 29298
Total users online -