Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business

  • Publisher

    Prague Development Center

    Prague Development Center
    Innovation and Technology Management Academy 

    Digital preservation

    Prague Development Center as a research publisher explores and market digital preservation approaches and strategies to enhance the trust of academia and social community to e-content of the publisher’s journals. Further extending participation in indexing and archiving agencies remains today central way in providing digital preservation of research journals’ content. In midterm strategy is planned to affiliate to Portico service as recent innovative initiative. Providing access to established electronic libraries is considered as the most attractive way to ensure the issue of preservation. Publisher believes that there are other growing opportunities on the market opening alternative ways to provide digital preservation.  

  • Aims and scope

    Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business (PIEB) is an international, peer-reviewed research journal.

    PIEB is an international cross-industry journal. The journal publishes broad spectrum of research papers exploring different domains of innovations, macro- and micro aspects of innovation management, discovering linkages between innovations and business, and economic development.   

    PIEB has a specific focus to the concept of development issues both within the globe and regions. It covers broad areas of studies e.g.: technology, business, economics, education, science and other, with the purpose to facilitate synergy effects from their interaction and integration that produce value for social practice. We wish to create the environment favorable for communication that produces innovation, opens minds and serves as an exchange of ideas among regions, countries and cultures.

    Given publications should have research character and must be based on principles of scientific and a professional etiquette. The final decision on inclusion of paper will be made by Editorial Board. Editorial Board reserves its right to make technical and scientific editing. In case of not accepting the Board does not provide reviews and comments but resolution on publication.


  • Profile

    OPEN ACCESS. PIEB belongs to those research periodicals that stick to open access model. The journal follows funding model that does not charge readers or their institutions for electronic access. In other words, we provide to readers the free online access to read and download scientific articles. This model provides greater reach of interested readers to the published articles.

    IRREGULAR ISSUES. We try to do our job carefully to provide the best possible quality of the published articles. Therefore, we do prefer irregular online issues. Issues per one year could range from the one issue to four or more.  First priority we give is the quality of submissions. 

    INTERIM and FINAL publications. OPERATIONAL MODEL on the INTERNET. In the beginning, all volumes appear first as a list of names of articles and authors. At this stage, the articles can have relevant abstracts and keywords, but not a pdf documents in a final version. In this phase, papers were only selected and are pending for review and other editorial procedures. Articles in pdf are available for download only after final updating - when they already passed the whole editorial process and are agreed with the authors. When this process ends, the link becomes active and pdf available for download.

    REVIEW PROCESS. Though we offer the quick review process (2-3 weeks), sometimes it might occur that the evaluation takes longer (2-6 months). First of all, the length of review process depends on the merits of the submitted article.

    Important note for authors: Until the volume 13th (issue 2), the journal was being published equally in electronic and hard print formats. Since that volume the main publication format is electronic/online.

  • Indexing

    The journal is indexed/registered/covered by the following services:

    Academic Journals Database, AgEcon Search, BASE, CABI Abstracts, CEEOL, EBSCO Discovery Service, E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium (E-ISRJC), Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek EZB (Regensburg University Library), e-LIBRARY.RU, DOAJ, Gale, Global Health (CABI), Google scholar, libsearch, Open J-Gate,  RePEc,  ResearchGate, Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory, VSL Open, JournalSeek, Research Bible, Scirus, Knowledge Network, Academic Publishing Platforms, CiteFactor, Socionet, EconBiz, ERIH PLUS, Sherpa/ROMEO, The German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB) ‒ Leibniz Information Centre for Science and Technology and University Library, Scilit, Open Access Library (OALib)

    PIEB is listed in serving as international hub for growing number of leading and well established peer-reviewed journals and periodicals.  

    We continue to work on indexation issue to provide international exposure of research papers published in our journals.We believe that indexation makes all articles well accessible and increases their potential impact on knowledge markets.

  • Impact

    Here you can find some information about the journal performance metrics: 

    Cited in Google Scholar 

    h-index 9
    i10-index 7  

    Index Copernicus Value

    ICV 2015: 77.75. Index Copernicus Value (ICV) is a respected measure used to rate scientific journals. 

    Secondary Composite Index Broadcasting 

    ICDS = 3.9
    The ICDS (Secondary Composite Index Broadcasting) is an indicator that shows the visibility of the journal in different scientific databases of international scope, or failing in repertoires evaluation of periodicals. 

    CitEc metrics

    Citations in Economics uses CiteSeer and ParsCit algorithms in the process of identification and parsing of references. It is a service sponsored by INOMICS. Data created by Citations in Economics is not intended for direct user access. Instead, it is made available to RePEc services so that they may improve their added value to the research community.

  • Call for reviewers

    Call for reviewers

    High quality peer-review process is necessary for establishing the reputation of every scientific journal. PIEB Editorial Board announces call for reviewers. We are looking for academic professionals specializing in various areas of innovation and development such as economics, management, business, science  and RandD, innovation management, innovations in education, ICT development, social aspects of innovation. Therefore, if you would like to share your professional opinion and have an impact on PIEB development please fill in the survey and send it to


    - Possess a doctoral degree;
    - Be fluent in academic English;
    - Hold an academic affiliation;
    - Work effectively under tight deadlines.

    What do we offer?

    Reviewing is voluntary. However, reviewers’ names will be published on the PIEB website and listed once a year in a printed volume. Additionally, we offer 50% discount for the reviewers' submissions to PIEB.

  • Downloads
  • Editors


    Chief Editor

    Jan Beseda, Center for Higher Education Studies, Czech Republic

    Deputy Chief Editor

    Frantisek Bostl, University of Finance and Administration, Prague, Czech Republic

    Associate Editors

    Irena Jankovic, Financial markets and instruments, risk management. University of Belgrade, Serbia

    Valerijs Skribans, Macroeconomics, Economic development. Riga Technical University, Latvia

    Assistant Editors

    Petra Novakova, Prague Development Center, Czech Republic

    Gaukhar Usmanova, Prague Development Center, Czech Republic

    Advisory Council

    Radoslava Kraleva, Department of Informatics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, South-West University "Neofit Rilski", Bulgaria

    Alena Buchalcevova, University of Economics in Prague

    Hazel Gruenewald, ESB Business School, Reutlingen University

    Oksana Zamora, Sumy National Agrarian University, Ukraine

    Patrik Just, Western Bohemia University, Prague, Czech Republic

    Muhammad Ishtiaq Ishaq, Global Institute Lahore, Pakistan

    Petr Marek, University of Economics, Prague, Czech Republic

    Petr Mihok, Matej Bel University, Slovakia

    Eva Kasparova, University of Economics in Prague

    Petra Prusova, Managing Director, Millward Brown; Charles University, Czech Republic

    Patrick Obeng-Asiedu, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association; University of Connecticut, U.S.A

    Devi Dat Tewari, School of Economics and Finance, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal (UKZN); South Africa

    Saltanat Tamenova, Turan University, Kazakhstan

    Eshref Trushin, Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom

    Milan Žák, College of Economics and Management VŠEM, Prague, Czech Republic

  • Guide to authors

    Sample article template

    • Please read the following guidelines  and use the sample article format for submission of your paper since only articles formatted accordingly may be accepted. This sample template can help you  avoid mistakes in formatting process of your original article. Do not send us articles in other formats (e.g., pdfs). Improper formatted articles will not be considered for screening and review process. We made this basic template to save your time in reading detailed instruction and guidance.

    Screening, editorial analysis and peer-review procedures

    • All articles submitted to PIEB undergo screening and followed with peer-reviewing  process. 
    • Corresponding author should send  the formatted article and necessary attachments through the Online Submission form.
    • The author who submits the manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of notifying all co-authors of the manuscript being submitted. Corresponding author must fill in and sign the Declaration of Contribution (in case there are two authors or more), which should be submitted together with the manuscript. 
    • After initial screening the titles and abstracts of the articles, which  receive positive  evaluation, will be published online. 
    • Every article proceeds double-blind peer-review analysis by editorial and external experts. The submitted paper is reviewed by at least two independent reviewers (outside of the authors' affiliated entity).The reviews are in written form and contain a clear referees' statements concerning paper's publishing approval or its rejection. Reviewers should evaluate  the quality  of an article based both on established criteria and own views of experts. Reviewer  is expected to fill the review form and send to editorial department.

    Quality control

    • Papers accepted undergo quality control by Editorial board and peer reviewers. All research articles in these journals undergo peer review process, based on initial editor screening and anonymous expertise of reviewers. Articles previously published, those under consideration by another journal, and those with a pre-existing copyright may not be submitted. Author must ensure that about half of the paper contents or core idea has not been published anywhere else.  In other words authors should prove the considerable adjustment made and value added in their submissions.


    • Articles must be written in English.


    • Concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations.

    Author names and affiliations

    • Full names should be provided. Please indicate  affiliations of the author. Indicate  the authors' affiliation addresses below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the Author's name and in front of the appropriate address.


    • Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.


    • A concise abstract should briefly state the purpose of the research and the main results. An abstract must be presented in English and separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone.

    Classification codes and keywords

    • Provide at least one standard UDC code and also JEL code  for economics-related article and up to 5 additional keywords.


    • Graphics should be done in MS Word and must be editable.


    • Tables should be numbered consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals and printed on separate sheets. Any manuscript which does not conform to the above instructions may be returned for the necessary revision before publication.


    • The use of footnotes should be kept to a minimum and numbered consecutively throughout the text with superscript Arabic numerals.


    • References to publications should be as follows: “Nelson (1992) noted that...” or “This problem has been studied previously (e.g., Smith et al., 1969)”.
    • The author should make sure that there is a strict one-to-one correspondence between the names and years in the text and those on the list. The list of references should appear at the end of the main text. It should be double spaced and listed in alphabetical order by author's name.
    • Examples of what references has to look like:
      • For monographs
        • Hamilton J., King R., 2006. The Economic Impacts of Financial Liberalization: Evidence from the Capital Markets, North-Holland, Amsterdam.
      • For contributions to collective works
        • Mayer T., Meltzer H., 1999. “Money supply”, in: Friedman B.M., Hahn F.H. (Eds.), Handbook of Monetary Economics”, Vol. 1. North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 357-396.
      • For journals
        • Griffiths W., Judge G., 1992. “Testing and estimating location vectors when the error covariance matrix is unknown”, Journal of Econometrics, Vol. 54, pp.121-138.
        • Nordhaus W., 2004, “Retrospective on the 1970s Productivity Slowdown”, NBER Working Paper No W10950, December.
      • For bulletins
        • ECB, 2004., “Labor productivity developments in the euro area: Aggregate trends and sectoral patterns”, ECB Monthly Bulletin, July.

        Submission fee payment

        • Standard submission & service fee established for the 2018 year open-access publications is 95 Euro. 
        • The fee is subject to change considering the publisher occurring costs for sustaining and improving the open-access business model, as well as counting competitive publishing environment demanding to keep the high quality of international publication services. Changes in pricing happen only once per year, usually in the January-February.
        • The fee is due to pay only after accepting the paper by Editorial Boards and positive expertise review.
        • It is obligation and responsibility of an author to check the fee conditions to avoid the fee policy discussions after acceptance the article. Authors are responsible to read and accept fee (95 euro) payment obligations of the targeted journal. The website has clear information about publication fees and payment terms. When paper accepted and published the author is obliged to fulfill his/ her fee payment obligations in the shortest time after the invoice issued.
        • The fee provides compensation of a range services related with expertise, scientific and technical editing, online printing, electronic storing and web-managing. All papers are printed online (with corresponding online ISSN).
        • The major  version of PIEB publication is online (electronic) with eISSN 1804-0527 
        • The fee is not a subject to guarantee the sending printed copy via standard air mail.  

        Payments options

        • You will receive an invoice with several payment methods you can choose after letter of acceptance.


        • Payments  must be done only after final letter of acceptance of a paper to publication.

        Electronic submission

        • Papers must be submitted electronically to or For any further information please contact us.

  • Publication ethics

    General standards of PRADEC Publishing
    The Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business (PIEB) is established by Prague Development Center (publisher) as academic communication platform founded on important ethical standards in science publishing. Publisher and editorial board follow principles to avoid bad practices related to ghostwriting, plagiarism, and predatory publishing practices. The publisher and editors commit to practices which create and support the trust on every  phase of editorial and communication process embracing authors, editors and peer-reviewers.

    To increase transparency we call authors to write correct affiliations and addresses and show the source of funding of their research when it is required by funding institutions. To agree the authorship and avoid the conflicts we ask for declaration of contribution from the corresponding author. To avoid extensive self-citation practice we ask authors to use correct and relevant referencing to own research works published earlier.  

    Ethical conduct in both writing and editing is necessary in order to provide the readers with accurate, useful and reliable scientific material, as well as to appropriately honor the credits of particular researchers and authors. Therefore, compliance with the following standards of publication ethics is required of all contributors of the PIEB, including authors, reviewers and editors. Violation of any of these standards by an author is a basis for rejection of his or her paper submitted for publication.
    In publishing only original research, the editors are committed to deterring plagiarism, including self-plagiarism. Editors can use special software to screen submitted manuscripts for similarity to published material. Note that your manuscript may be screened during the whole editorial cycle, including submission process and until the final publication in online or print form. Authors should not engage in plagiarism - verbatim or near-verbatim copying, or very close paraphrasing, of text or results from another’s work. Authors should not engage in self-plagiarism (also known as duplicate publication) - unacceptably close replication of the author’s own previously published text or results without acknowledgement of the source.
    Conflict of interests disclosure
    Conflict of interest concerning a particular manuscript exists when one of the participants of reviewing or publication process - an author, reviewer, or editor - has obligations that can influence his or her action. Conflicts can occur for financial (e.g., employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, etc.) or other reasons (e.g., personal relationship, academic competition, and intellectual passion). All participants in the peer-review and publication process must disclose all conflicts of interests. Editorial staff may use information disclosed in conflict-of-interest and financial-interest statements as a basis for editorial decisions. The corresponding author must advise the editor at the time of submission either that there is no conflict of interest to declare, or should disclose potential conflicts of interest that will be acknowledged in the published article.

    It is improper for an author to submit manuscripts describing essentially the same research to more than one journal of primary publication, unless it is a resubmission of a manuscript rejected for or withdrawn from publication. 
    All persons designed as “authors” should meet the criteria of the concept. Corresponding author must fill in and sign the Declaration of Contribution (in case there are two authors or more), which should be submitted together with the manuscript. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take responsibility for its content. The group of authors/contributors should jointly make the decision about the order in which their names are given. Authorship credit should be based on the following principles as: 1) substantial contribution to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or reviewing and introducing fundamental changes in it; 3) final approval of the version to be published. Editors of the journal have the right to request information about the contributions of each person in writing the article. 

    An author should cite those publications that have been important in development of the submitted study and that will guide the reader to the earlier researchers that are essential for understanding the present analysis. 
    An author is obligated to perform a literature search to find, and then cite, the original publications that describe closely related work. An author should provide the accurate citation the verified sources of scientific data and literature. 
    Coauthor notification
    During manuscript submission, the submitting author must provide contact information (full name, email address, institutional affiliation and mailing address) for all of the coauthors. The author who submits the manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of notifying all coauthors that the manuscript is being submitted. Corresponding author must fill in and sign the declaration of contribution (in case there are two authors or more) which should be submitted together with manuscript. The co-authors of a paper should be all those persons who have made significant scientific contributions to the work reported and who share responsibility and accountability for the results. Authors should appropriately recognize the contributions of technical staff and data professionals.
    Acknowledgments and funding
    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the section “Acknowledgements”. If the original research study reported in the manuscript or the preparation of the manuscript was supported by one or more grants, the title and number of the grant(s) and the name of the institution(s) that provided the grants or financial support to conduct, analyze or write-up the study should be specified in the manuscript.

    Coherence of study

    Fragmentation of research reports should be avoided. A scientist should organize publication so that it provides a well-rounded description of an examined issue. Fragmentation consumes journal space excessively and unduly complicates literature searches. 


    The journal is peer-reviewed publication. Submitted papers and short communications are evaluated by editorial board members or specialized in the article field referees. Article review covers submitted material currency, scientific novelty degree, define it’s accordance to general journal profile, fixes facts of plagiarism. After the refereeing process is complete, the paper may be rejected, or returned to the authors for revisions, or accepted for publication.


    The authors are responsible for the contents of their paper or short communication and it’s publication fact. The editorial staff reserves the right to shorten, and review the articles submitted. Editors may request an author, when it is necessary, to develop content or technical details of articles. Scientific editing might change format and correct the writing to make it conventional with editorial policy of the journal.  Pictures and graphs are special subject to editorial consideration. We seek to keep their quantity optimal and only necessary in content. Images should be free from misleading manipulation. When images are included in an account of research performed or in the data collection as part of the research, an accurate description of how the images were generated and produced should be provided.

  • Online Submission
  • Contact

    Main office address

    Editorial and publishing department
    Prague Development Center s.r.o. 
    Pod Krejcárkem 975/2
    130 00 Praha 3 - Zizkov
    Czech Republic
    Zapsána v obchodním rejstříku, 
    vedeným Městským soudem v Praze oddíl C, 
    vložka 156803


    For communication related to submission of a paper please use: or
    You can use direct online contact form below

  • Terms and conditions

    • All rules and requirements relevant to the chosen type of submission are read and understood. Sending submission means accepting by the author/submitter all responsibility related with editorial and publishing conditions.
    • The primary version of the journal is the on-line version. Therefore, we do not send a printed copy to author(s) of the published article. Publisher does not make profits via subscription or sales of print copies. Publisher offers the full content for free access to the public and without restrictions. 
    • Submission technical requirement are read and accepted in designing and preparing the research paper
    • Authors are responsible to read and accept fee payment obligations of the targeted journal. The website has clear information about publication fees and payment terms. When paper accepted and published the author is obliged to fulfill his/her  fee payment obligations in the shortest time after the invoice issued.  
    • Please note that scientific editing might change format and correct the writing to make it conventional with editorial policy.
    • Responsibility for facts and opinions presented in the contents of journals, electronic and/or printed rests exclusively with the authors, other submitters if there is relevance. Their interpretations do not necessarily reflect the views of publisher or editors, affiliated or partnering with journals and with authors institutions.
    • F.A.Q. must be visited if there is additional reason in clarifying editorial policy. The editors can contact editors via email when it is accepted
    • Neither the publisher nor the editors can be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this journal.
    • Rejected manuscripts will not be returned to the author.
    • The submitted article after evaluation can be published in elaborating/projecting online issues which differ ahead/or back from the submission date up to 3 consequent issues or 6 months interval. 
    • The version of an article which is published online is considered the final and complete version. Even though it is possible to correct this version, our policy (in common with other publishers) is not to do so, except in very limited circumstances. When author wishes to update the published paper it can be possible within 4 weeks after publication. 
    • Article after the publication is not subject to removal, except for the sole discretion of the publisher. When editors screen, review and publish the article online or/end in print  the article cannot be withdrawn until the decision of editors and publisher. The published articles go immediately to indexing archives and DOI depositories. 
    • Full rights for the removal of the publication of the article remain to the publisher. Retraction or removal of published article can arise in very rear and exceptional circumstances. Usually it takes long time to make deeper analysis, examination of reasons and negotiations.
    • After receiving of the article editors and publisher usually publish immediately online the metadata. After screening and reviewing the full article can be published. The time length between submission and publication of metadata and full article can be different and make hours, days or months. All this process is usually related to merits, quality of the paper, internal editorial processes, other factors. When necessary, the editors can issue proof  of acceptance to the applied author.
    • Author is responsible for avoiding multiple submissions of the same article to other journals. PRADEC editors can charge authors for additional fees when it will be found that similar article was published in parallel. We can contact and inform the relevant journals about multiple practice of the author. When there is  signs and suspicions about duplicate submission behaviour of the authors the publisher monitors periodically online during 12 weeks.
    • Website content, information, or terms and conditions may revised without formal notice. We cannot guarantee that this website will be updated on a regular basis or otherwise provide the most current or accurate information that may be available.
    • No part of the material protected by this copyright notice may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the copyright owner.

  • F.A.Q.

    How can I download a pdf file when pdf link on your site is inactive?

    In the beginning all volumes appear first as a list with names of articles and authors. At this stage the articles can have relevant abstracts and keywords, but not a pdf documents in a final version. In this phase, papers were only selected selected and are pending for review and other editorial procedures. Articles in pdf are available for download only after final updating - when they already passed the whole editorial process and are agreed with the authors. When this process end, the link becomes active and pdf available for download.

    How I can find the requirements and deadline for paper submissions?

    On main page you need to click on respective Call-for-paper link and the pdf will be downloaded. Please also check the page “Paper submission”.

    In what format should be the paper submitted to journal?

    Please use the sample article format for submission of your paper since only articles formatted accordingly may be accepted.

    How long should the article be?

    The length of a paper varies from 10 pages to 30 pages. Specific length details can be found in pdf Call-for-papers that are easily downloadable from homepage.

    Is it possible to access published articles?

    You can easily download from our website the pdf version of published articles.

    Do you charge readers to access to publications?

    We do not charge any fees for access of readers to our journals and articles as we follow open access publication model.

    Do you charge authors for publications?

    We charge authors at optimal cost and in differentiated structure counting for costs necessary for expertise, reviews, editing, web-related services, promoting indexing and other related services. Please find more details in “Paper Submission”. Additional cost might be required to cover postal delivery and additional copies of printed journals.

    Authors submitting their articles accept responsibility for making the necessary fee payment arrangements. We may request, in case of need, the formal institutional letter when charges are to be paid by institution.

    When the author should pay the respective fee for publication?

    Payments must be done only after final letter of acceptance of a paper to publication. You will receive an invoice with several payment methods you can choose from the letter of acceptance.

    Do you send author(s) a hard copy of printed journal?

    The primary version of the journal is the on-line version. Therefore, we do not send a printed copy to author(s) of the published article. Publisher does not make profits via subscription or sales of print copies. Publisher offers the full content for free access to the public and without restrictions. 

    Are your journals peer-reviewed?

    PRADEC offers peer-reviewed research research journals and periodicals. Peer-reviewed journals represent conservative and conventional academic approaches in research publishing. They assume that paper must undergo scrutiny by anonymous or independent experts.

    Send us your article, we quickly review it if we think that we may send it to our reviewers, we may send it back with comments. If you accept those comments, we then send the article to reviewers and that is the moment you are required to pay the fee for publication in reviewed journal.

    What type of articles do you accept for publications?

    We publish mainly research works which are descriptions of original research findings. Review articles which discus and generalize findings of research works are also accepted. We do not publish book reviews.

    Are your journals registered with ISSN? 

    All our journals are entitled by respective ISSN codes. In case a journal has both ISSN and E-ISSN, it is published both in online and print. 

    Can I put charts in article and what are requirements to their format?

    Pictures and graphs are special subject to editorial consideration. We seek to keep their quantity optimal and only necessary in content. We kindly ask authors to provide us with black-and-white and editable (technically –to make necessary adjustments regarding formatting) charts, also black-and white schemes or photos.

    If submitted paper, how it can be withdrawn by an author from editorial cycle and online printing?

    Authors submitted their papers can withdraw their submissions within 2 subsequent calendar weeks. In case authors wish to withdraw paper her/his submission, they should notify in formal way with explaining reason to Requests on submission withdrawal after 2 weeks until the online printing of a corresponding paper will cost to the applicant a withdrawal fee in sum of 50 Euro. Any withdrawal letter after online printing of article is not acceptable.

    DOI link does not work or it has a wrong content

    DOI numbers assigned to a fully published online article (html and pdf) can have small time delay in DOI register. Please be patient if the DOI link does not find the requested/expected content in DOI register. Empty or wrong DOI links could happen during the DOI depositing and management process. You can contact us if at least one month passed after the online publication of an article.  

    Online html and/or text content of article has errors

    Only author(s) may inform us about errors in article. We ask our authors to explain clearly what a deviance and/or nonconformity has place comparing to the originally submitted article. Please be patient, editors will respond you in the quickest possible time.

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